Academic journal article International Journal of Communication Research

Environmental Protection and International Responsibility

Academic journal article International Journal of Communication Research

Environmental Protection and International Responsibility

Article excerpt

The environment has significant importance in preserving the world's flora and fauna.

Its protection can only be achieved if environmental factors are to be found inside the domestic law. If they are outside the scope of the domestic law, it can be achieved according to the international treaties based on the cooperation between various states1.

Pollution represents a growing issue and it has significant consequences on the global ecosystem.

By means of interstate conventions, countries commit themselves to place industrial facilities at various ranges, using high technologies which don't pollute and neutralize the chemicals using treatment plants.

On the international level, various Conferences took place, which focused on the neutralization of foreign, noxious and "active leisure" substances. They recommend that in the internal regulations on the atmospheric protection one should start from Dancereaux's principles:

- all phenomena should be independently correlated;

- every phenomenon has to have a finality which has to be predicted and to underpin normative acts;

- nature represents a behavioural example for the human being;

- one should remember that nothing can be accomplished without effort.

The damage should be prevented by the law due to health reasons; the state of the nature is much more expensive than the prevention of pollution.

The European Convention from Geneva obliges the highly individualized countries from the European Economic Community to use such substances in specialized laboratories first2; the countries should also provide a ecotoxigological folder with the purpose of establishing which of the chemical substances used are biodegradable or not, have a strong toxic effect; chemical substances don't interfere with the development of flora and fauna.

Also, the Word Health Organization introduces other compulsory categories which, we think, will represent important factors in preventing environmental pollution, and these aspects will be analysed in the following paragraphs.

Over the years the states were obliged to accept some aspects, related to environmental protection, such as:

- to stress the toxicity of the substance.

- to ensure their evacuation without noxiousness

- to identify the risks for humans

- to limit the effects on the environment as much as possible.

The European Council's resolutions are also directed towards the global protection of the environment, by adopting rules on road pollution (which represents a sovereign principle of environmental protection) and the principle of information exchange, cooperation between states, ecological supervision, and exchange of specialists in order to reduce pollution3.

At the same time, people have much talked about signing a protocol in Montreal on ecostandards through atmospheric preservation regarding the prevention of the environment, making the participating states to limit the production of very toxic chemical substances. Also, the protocol also stated some principles, such as:

the extraterrestrial space should only be used in human purpose;

- the interdiction to place nuclear weapons;

- the liability for the damage to the satellites.

Also, on the subject of environmental protection liability, a few other treaties on conventions have been signed, with an increased value. Therefore, the 1963 Convention established a civil liability of the states for the nuclear experiences; at the same time, the Convention forbids the placement of nuclear weapons on the bottom of oceans4. Ecologists consider that both the capitalist and communist society agree to these "anthropocentric" or "humanist" preferences. They all agreed to an excessive growth from an economic point of view, and to productivity instead of the environment.

This is why rivers such as Volga and Mississippi are nothing else but some residual waste discharge channels; the lakes, fish and forests from Siberia, The New England and Canada are poisoned by acid rains. …

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