Academic journal article International Journal of Communication Research

Local Practices and State Policies in the Application of the Media Standards of the Council of Europe (2001-2009)

Academic journal article International Journal of Communication Research

Local Practices and State Policies in the Application of the Media Standards of the Council of Europe (2001-2009)

Article excerpt

The clear victory of the Communist Party in the anticipated parliamentary elections of February 25, 2001, the foreign policy "pleasing Moscow" promoted by President Vladimir Voronin at the beginning of the term and antidemocratic reforms initiated after 2001 drew the attention of the Council of Europe. During 2001-2009, the Parliamentary Assembly has closely monitored how the Moldova Republic respects the obligations and commitments assumed at adhering to the Council of Europe. For eight years, PACE has adopted six resolutions concerning Moldova Republic, analyzing in detail the causes and effects of stagnating the reforms in key areas, implicitly the media.

On the other hand, the Moldova Republic authorities in dialogue with the Council of Europe in 2001-2003 mimed the opening for the implementation of democratic reforms. After the anticipated parliamentary elections of February 25, 2001, clearly won by the Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova, the government formed by Prime Minister Vasile Tarlev proposed to achieve the activity Government Programme 2001-2005 "Economic Rebirth - Country Rebirth". If social and economic field cabinet described in detail its priorities, then in relationship with the Council of Europe was limited to paraphrasing the objective included in the activity program of the Braghi§ Government - "a more active participation of the Republic of Moldova in the activity of the United Nations, OSCE, the Council of Europe" (Parliament of the Republic of Moldova, 2011).

On 27 to 31 January 2002, PACE co-rapporteurs visited Moldova Republic for the first time, being alarmed by the straining of the political situation in the country given the heightened anti-government protests organized by the Popular Christian Democratic Party. A few days before, on the 23rd of January 2002, the Government adopted the Decision no. 52 on effective cooperation between the Government of the Republic of Moldova and the Council of Europe (Decision no. 52, 2002), which was used as evidence to demonstrate the co-rapporteurs the opening of the authorities for the observance of the obligations and commitments assumed by the Republic of Moldova to join the Council of Europe.

The Government through Decision no. 52, warned the ministries and departments on the necessity of increasing the cooperation with the Council of Europe and the compulsory coordination with the Foreign Affairs Ministry of all activities related to cooperation. In addition, the Cabinet of Ministers ordered the Ministry of Justice to prepare and hand over within 15 days, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the contributions of the Republic of Moldova in the monitoring process initiated by the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe in the chapters the effectiveness of ways to judicial appeal and fighting discrimination, in particular, the fight against intolerance and racism.

In 2004 the relations between Moldova and the Russian Federation have become tense after refusing to sign the Kozak Memorandum. President Vladimir Voronin changed the course of foreign policy, focusing, at least formally, to the European Union. In addition, the ruling party was concerned with providing the necessary conditions, both domestic and foreign, in order to gain the parliamentary elections in March 2005 and the re-election of Vladimir Voronin as President of Moldova. The authorities presented to the Council of Europe the Moldovian society as "the waiting room" of the European Union (SAROV & OJOG, 2009). In the new geopolitical context in relation to the Council of Europe Moldova Republic openly assumed the adjusting of the national legislation to Council of Europe standards, including in the media.

On the 29th of June 2004 the Government Decision no. 733, approved the Activity Plan of the Government on the third semester of 2004. According to the document, the Ministry of Justice was to develop a bill that would establish the procedure for submission of draft normative acts to the expertise of the Council of Europe and the procedure of implementation of the expertise of the Council of Europe (Decision no. …

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