Academic journal article Review of Artistic Education

2. Empathy and Communication through Art

Academic journal article Review of Artistic Education

2. Empathy and Communication through Art

Article excerpt

1. Emotional feelings and empathy

Empathy, being a component of emotional intelligence domain, is the cornerstone of any attempt to optimize psychological self-awareness and relationships with others. Without empathy world would be a dull world, a place of autism and emotional schizophrenia. "We are spiritually rich, writes S. Marcus (1997, p. 80), only to the extent that we can enrich ourselves with empathic experiences, and we gain the depth of spiritual understanding only when we come to truly understand those around us." Interactions with others put often in discussion the empathic abilities that we have, revealing how well we know and understand those around us, without resorting necessarily the a verbal communication. The way we infer someone else's feelings also implies the ability to interpret nonverbal channels: tone of voice, gestures, facial expression, body posture, arms etc. In general, women are more careful about this kind of perception.

In C. Rogers's words, "being empathical means to perceive the internal reference of another, with all its emotional components and meanings, as being the other person but without losing the consciousness of . " (Rogers, 1966, p. 54). In the simplest terms is the ability to put oneself in another's place, to see and feel the world as he feels. Daniel Goleman (2004) repeats the assertion made by Martin Hoffman, that the roots of morality should be sought in empathy because, participating in someone's pain, we feel the urge to help. Empathy not only makes us more understanding, loving and caring in our family relationships, emotional or job relationships etc. but helps us become compassionate beings for those who we do not know and learning about their sufferings, we will try to help somehow. Empathy submit to our attention the social problems and injustices that lead us to take a stand and thus, those social problems become our problems.

The work of art has the ability to capture important aspects of the ontogenetic development of human history also as a group, multiculturally diversified. It can be said that art is an essential element without which consciousness would not have evolved, bringing the human being what it is today. As well-known psychologist Ursula Schiopu observes, "art brings us the existential essence significance. The work of art creates a bridge (moments of emotions and feelings of exception) between one who possesses the ability to create and which has incorporated it in creation, and the man who contemplates the work of art and loads of its anguish and its surface or depth messages. This meeting has the characteristics of a particular empathy process, full of associations that makes a subjective contemplation and context of intentions, emotions, fervor, restlessness, exposed, explicit or latent in the artwork, which can be a painting, a sculpture, a palace, a concert, an opera or theater etc. " (Schiopu, 1999, p. 3). Any artistic creation carries a coded message which gives to society complexity, depth and the possibility of developing new informationtional universes. This will outline individual preferences influenced both by the degree of culture, sensitivity and personal ideals. Art is constituted as a moment of greatness of man, a relative and ephemeral moment.

Art studies are relatively recent and deals with areas such as art history, philosophy, psychology, sociology and pedagogy of arts and, of course, aesthetics. We can analyze art from different perspectives, precisely because it is an expression of our culture and civilization. For example, psychology, addressing psychological processes, personality and human behavior added to its studies the psychodiagnosis of creativity and developed arts psychotherapy. "Problems of creativity, writes U. §chiopu, of development and stimulation of creativity, are particularly important, as they are the support of the human condition and progress as they engage in the task of detecting, stimulating and protecting highly creative people, to help the human of future centuries ridding of sclerosis and erosion of non-values and devaluation of man, whose constructive chances grow through creativity. …

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.