Academic journal article Review of Artistic Education

5. the Basic Princinples of the Working Process from Nature and the Role of Composition in Creating Landscape in Terms of Plein-Air

Academic journal article Review of Artistic Education

5. the Basic Princinples of the Working Process from Nature and the Role of Composition in Creating Landscape in Terms of Plein-Air

Article excerpt

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Plein-air (from fr. plein air, literally - open air) represents a painting term that means rendering in picture of the full range of rich color changes caused by the action of sunlight and surrounding atmosphere. Plein-air painting was formed as a result of the painters that work in the open full air (not in the studio), based on the direct study of nature in order to reproduce fully as possible its real image. Russian painter I. Repin wrote: To draw directly from nature - that is the upper school and most truthful. Nature is an inexhaustible source of creative ideas. It is important to learn to see, select, receive a boost from creative visual images, to observe decorative nature qualities - plastic shape, silhouette, lines, rhythm, chromatic connections harmony (KnnHgyxoB, HoraHCOH, HecrepoBa, 1993).

Giorgio Vasari notion of landscape is used in the sense of sight as the painting subject. Danielle Bartoli believed that the landscape seen ... through the window's gap or any such opening, in its sole discretion, is shown in the distance like landscape in soft tones (Bartolli, 1836, p. 89). Pierto Fantani and Giuseppe Rigutini define the landscape as an entire of view or part of it, as far as is chosen to be the painting subject (Assunto, 1986, p. 241). According to Assunto, landscape is an element within a complex system that includes space, time and place (Idem, p.158).Nicola Zingarelli, the best known Italian philologist during the interwar period in Vocabolariu in lingua Italiana, treats the term landscape as a part of the picture, a stretch of land inhabited and civilized, land with plains, mountains, rivers, trees etc. or as a ... beautiful landscape of the panoramic earth image (Zingarelli, 1941, p.48).


The process of landscape making in art shows that this genre is a cultural and intellectual product's datable and explicable in terms of history. Principles of the landscape painting ownership applied by masters of the part, and theoretical elaborations of scientists in the field of chromatics, psychology and pedagogy of arts are being important components in improving methods of training students in plein-air contemporary conditions. Experience shows that students who are accustomed to work in studio conditions become out in pleinair, looking get lost color relationships in the air environment. As a result, the chromatic palette is quite limited, that is mentioned very specifically by the famous French enlightenment of the XVII century Denis Diderot: those who did not study and feel the effect of light and shadow in fields and woods on rural and urban houses ' roods, day and night - shall leave the brush from hand, in particularly, he/she should not put in mind of going to become a landscaper [6, p.57].

The skills and knowledge's obtained during the process of tasks in pleinair studies, form professional skills and improve the properties of painting and composition in the studio. This interdependence of the painting forward particularly acute the problem of studying the training and developing methods of creative individuality, especially in plein-air, when the main teacher is represented by nature. In the plein-air enriches the color perception of the real world, located in the air environment, but the ground and mutual relationship of the landscape with architecture and space forms to the students' knowledge the issues of proportionality and subordination in compositions, educate the proportion's sense and artistic taste.

Painting in plein-air provides to painter the opportunity to understand: human and nature universe that are interconnected through a lot unlimited changing relations. To see their harmony and to reproduce painting is required permanent practice and profound academic knowledge (MacnoB & Haerop, 1984, p. 22). Plein-air work is characterized by unpredictable for the studies, changing the surrounding state. …

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