Academic journal article Researchers World

The Persons Pronouns of Using Language and Its Use in Banyuwangi Speech Community

Academic journal article Researchers World

The Persons Pronouns of Using Language and Its Use in Banyuwangi Speech Community

Article excerpt

INTRODUCTION:

Banyuwangi is one of the cities that is geographically located at the easternmost tip of Java Island in Indonesia. In the area, live a community that calls themselves as the original tribe of Banyuwangi. The community is called the Using ethnic or some of people mention Osing ethnic. The Using ethnic has and applies Using language and Using culture in daily life. Using people preserves the tradition of Using culture from generation to generation.

Based on the above description, can be said that Using society is a society that has Using language and use it in social interaction. Using community applies Using language in an effort to maintain and develop their culture. Therefore, Using language becomes instrumental in preservation and development of Using culture. In this case, Using language is one of the strengtheners of social relation within the Using community. In line with the views said by (Poespoprodjo, 1987, p. 114), it can be said that the presence of and preservation of Using society requires the presence of Using language.

In conducting their interaction, the Using people are bound by common rules to generate and interpret speech and rules for interpreting a wide variety of language (Hymes, 1972, p. 54). Thus, the language community in speaking bound and restrained by social norms because the language is a system of social institutions (Moeliono A. M., 1985, p. 181). Therefore, according to a statement from (Suwito, 1992), it can be said that in speaking, Using society must respect, calculate, consider, and apply the norms, values, and social factors conveyed in the Using language and Using culture.

Using language in Banyuwangi is not the dominant language used in public communication. Based on research findings conducted by (Subhan, 1987), the majority of Using speakers is only in 10 districts of 24 districts in Banyuwangi, i.e. the Districts of Banyuwangi City, Giri, Glagah, Kabat, Songgon, Rogojampi, Singojuruh, Srono, Cluring, and Genteng. Meanwhile, in some other districts, the number of speakers Using only minority or even no speakers of Using language, namely the District of Pesanggaran, Bangorejo, Purwoharjo, Tegaldelimo, Muncar, Glenmore, Kalibaru, Wongsorejo, Sempu, Kalipuro, Siliragung, Tegalsari, Licin, and Gambiran.

Department of Population and Civil Registration Banyuwangi 2015 notes that Banyuwangi has a population of 1,668,438 people. The largest population is in the district of Muncar, as many as 133 009 (7.97%) people, while the smallest population is in the district of Licin, as many as 28 238 (1.69%) people. Based on the condition of population distribution, it can be pointed out that the Using language is small language as native speakers of less than 1 million people (Pemerintah Kabupaten Banyuwangi, 2015).

The socio-cultural structure of Banyuwangi is classified as pluralistic society. The plurality can be seen in terms of livelihood, religion, and ethnicity that inhabited the region of Banyuwangi. Livelihoods of the most dominant of Banyuwangi people is farming, which is as much as 75.32%. Seen from ethnic communities who live in Banyuwangi, Javanese is the most dominant community. Other communities such as Using ethnic and Madurese are also quite dominant. Most of the Banyuwangi population are Muslim, which is as much as 1,386,633 (95.33%) people. Other than Muslim are Hindu as much as 35 958 (2:47%) people, Protestants as much as 16,503 (1:13%) people, Catholic as much as 9016 (0.62%) people, and the followers of Buddhism including Khong Hu Chu as many as 6471 (0.44%) people (Dinas Kebudayaan dan Pariwisata Kabupaten Banyuwangi, 2015).

Under the conditions of population distribution and socio-cultural structure of Banyuwangi, it is understood that the use of Using language in the Using speech community has several variants seen from the characteristic narrative style or vocabulary spoken. Using language variant occurs because Using language speakers are in several different districts, and each district has a plurality of the diverse population, both in terms of culture and languages spoken. …

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