Academic journal article Economics, Management and Financial Markets

Decent Work for Romanian Next Generation Based on Student Case Studies

Academic journal article Economics, Management and Financial Markets

Decent Work for Romanian Next Generation Based on Student Case Studies

Article excerpt

1.Introduction

International Labor Office (ILO) appreciates that "decent work sums up the aspirations of people in their working lives. It involves opportunities for work that is productive and delivers a fair income, security in the workplace and social protection for families, better prospects for personal development and social integration, freedom for people to express their concerns, organize and participate in the decisions that affect their lives and equality of opportunity and treatment for all women and men." (See www.ilo.org)

Statistical indicators of decent work are grouped as follows: for employment opportunities, for adequate earnings and productive work, for decent working time indicators, for work that should be abolished, for stability and security of work, for equal opportunities and treatment in employment, for safe work environment, for social security, for social dialog and for social context for decent work. (ILO, 2013)

The concept of decent work is highlighting the change of status in employment. At present, employment is not only a consequence of the functioning of other markets, it has become an absorber of their imbalances; an economic and social purpose with multiple implications (societal, community and individual level) and a main objective for harmonizing the whole set of economic, educational, social, and other polices.

Expectations and human behavior at work is marked in the traits of each generation.

2.Romanian Generations

According to Howe and Strauss (2000: 40), "A generation can be defined as a society-wide peer group, born over a period roughly the same length as the passage from youth to adulthood, who collectively possess a common persona."

Differences between generations have been the subject of numerous studies. In the last 20 years the technology evolution, the easy access to information and the smooth migration for education and work have marked the evolution of human resources.

The majority of scholars define a generation by a specific time period and shared history. (Howe & Strauss, 2000; Lancaster & Stillman, 2002; Elam et al., 2007; Fischer, 2015)

In this regard the Baby Boomers are the persons born after the World War II and until 1960 (Elam at al., 2007: 21) or 1964 (Howe & Strauss, 2000: 49; Lancaster & Stillman, 2002) and they have as key characteristics: huge consumers, idealistic, competitive (Chandler, 2015: 16). As Boomers reach the traditional retirement age, many will remain involved in the working world (Howen & Strauss, 2007); they are workaholic (Kane, 2016).

The Xers were born approximately between 1965 and 1980 and they are individualists, technologically adepts, flexible - less committed to a single employer but ambitious and eager to learn new skills -, they value the work/life balance (Kane, 2016), are skeptical of authority (Chandler, 2015: 16); this category also includes the largest share of immigrants of all the generations born in the 20th century (Howe & Strauss, 2007).

The Millennials (named also Generation Y or M, Echo Boomers) are defined as people born in the last two decades of the 20th century, they are "techcomfortable," brand loyal, style-conscious, and optimistic (Chandler, 2015: 16). Some authors named them 'Digital Natives'. (Palfrey & Gasser, 2008)

"Unlike most Digital Immigrants [the people who are finding their way in a digital world, according to the authors], Digital Natives live much of their lives online, without distinguishing between the online and the offline.... They are joined by a set of common practices, including the amount of time they spend using digital technologies, their tendency to multitask, their tendency to express themselves and relate to one another in ways mediated by digital technologies, and their pattern of using the technologies to access and use information and create new knowledge and art forms. For these young people, new digital technologies - computers, cell phones, Sidekicks - are primary mediators of human-to-human connections. …

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