Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Adaptation of the Cardioresphiratory System to Hypoxic Actions of the Rugby Players Depending on the Playing Position

Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Adaptation of the Cardioresphiratory System to Hypoxic Actions of the Rugby Players Depending on the Playing Position

Article excerpt

(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)

Introduction

One of the most important problems in the training of athletes is the management of training and competitive activities. The level of sports training is formed due to the development of the functional capabilities of the athlete's organism, which is carried out through physical, technical-tactical, psychological and integral training activities. The conditional separation of the training process into relatively independent parties makes it possible to regulate awareness of its structural state, as well as to systematize methods and means, and thus develop a system for monitoring and managing the training process [12, 13,19, 21, 25].

Rugby League is one of the rugby varieties, which combines the complexity of the technical elements of the game with a high intensity of motor activities in the face of opposition rivals. Rugby League requires targeted sports training, the basis of the structure is physical, technical, tactical, psychological and theoretical training, which exist in a dynamic relationship [14, 16].

Modern Rugby League club places high demands on the level of motor qualities and functional capabilities of the athlete. The motor activity of a rugby players is very diverse and complex. It is characterized by great variability of the applied movements of different in character and structure, complexity of individual, group and team actions, continuous change of situations, dynamic and static operation of variable power. All this requires comprehensive, well-planned and purposeful training, development of physical qualities of rugby players - strength, speed, endurance, coordination abilities, flexibility [15, 21].

Motor continuous activity on the field lasts 70-90 seconds of intensive speed-force activity, which is provided by anaerobic productivity. Therefore, during the exercise of speed-strength exercises, exercise should occur with maximum intensity, which contributes to anaerobic motor activity [30].

An important role in the process of long-term improvement of athletes is played by the stage of specialized basic training. Increasing the level of the functional capabilities of the body is the main task of this stage. Further development of physical qualities and improvement of technical preparedness is built in accordance with the playing role [17, 25, 28]. Physical training at this stage is built with the predominance in the development of high-speed and speed-strength qualities, special and speed-strength endurance for creating the high level of overall functional readiness [1, 19]. Individual effects of training loads are taking into account the morphofunctional features and playing role of rugby players [8, 20]. In practice, the means are widely used to increase the functional potential of the athlete's organism without using a large amount of work. At this stage, it is necessary to carefully apply large amounts of physical activity aimed at increasing aerobic capacity [4, 14].

Often, practice coaches plan to perform large amounts of training loads with relatively low intensity, explaining this by the need to create the strong aerobic base, on the basis of which the athlete will have improved performance and recovery process. However, it must be taken into account that athletes who are prone to morphological or functional features for speed-power and complex co-ordination work inherent in Rugby League, significant aerobic loads can dramatically inhibit the development of these opportunities [13, 20]. Such training often becomes an obstacle of the growth of their skill, because - there is a restructuring of the muscular tissue, which increases the ability to work for endurance and at the same time, the ability to manifest the speedstrength qualities is suppressed. Therefore, planning for functional training at this stage should be tailored to the individual abilities and the game specialization of the athlete.

The lack of objective data on the technology of hypoxic training of rugby players and determined the direction of our studies. …

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