Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Analysis Level of the Special Proficiency of Cadets and Officers of the Internal Affairs Authorities of the Russian Federation to the Physical Interdictory Effort by Criminals

Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Analysis Level of the Special Proficiency of Cadets and Officers of the Internal Affairs Authorities of the Russian Federation to the Physical Interdictory Effort by Criminals

Article excerpt

Introduction

According to the experts opinion the effectiveness of the police and other specialized services is determined by the presence of law enforcement officers of efficient technologies and the ability to use them in modern conditions (Fatih, & Becir, 2015; Byrne, & Gary, 2011). However, it should be noted that, despite the increase in technological progress: biometrics, DNA, surveillance, tracking system, police officers and SWAT quite often have to arrest criminals engaging in physical contact with them. Physical training of police officers is an important component of professional training of the officers to address the important service tasks. It is important to note that the pursuit of offenders, suppress criminals resisting arrest and people behavior control during the events are the daily responsibilities of law enforcement officers especially police officers at this moment. According to A. Crawley, the ability to perform their duties data effectively defines the professional competence of police officers (Crawley, Sherman, & Cosio-Lima, 2016). T. Suminski said that a police officer must be able to protect society whom he swore under oath to serve and protect. If police officers are not in proper physical form, they will not be able to perform their duties effectively: the persecution and detention of criminals (Suminski, 2006). It seems that in the public's eyes the patrol officer must be completely perfect and embody the full force and power of the police. Consequently, the law enforcement officer must be in good physical shape by the start of training at the Police Academy and to the end of his service life. However, research scientists show that a significant part of the police after the graduation of the career-level schools show an insufficient level of preparedness to address the challenges they face while they are on line duty (Bykov, 2014). As a result of S. Sheets studies show that after finishing the regular classes of physical training in the police academy, many officers do not meet the standards of physical training of law-enforcement officers (Sheets, 2012).

We must admit that the experts say that the current system of training for law enforcement agencies of the Russian Federation does not currently provide a strong link between the different types of training officers and should be optimized and improved (Bakayev, 2015). Indeed, one important component of professional training of law enforcement officers who are in need of significant improvement is the ability of officers and interior ministry members to the counter and apprehend armed criminals or actively resisting criminals. The need for an active confrontation may occur with the gunmen at any time incurring duty by the patrol officers (Martin, & Priar, 1995). In view of the above, the purpose of the research of the paper authors was the readiness analysis of cadets of educational institutions of the Russian Interior Ministry and the readiness analysis of the police to take action on physical interdictory effort and offenders' arrest.

Material & methods

It is no great surprise that the current guidance on the organization of special physical preparation of interior ministry members of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation contains a number of strict criteria for assessing proficiency police of fighting combat maneuvers (Ob utverzhdenii Nastavleniya, 2017). Moreover, the officer must protect themselves confidently and effectively against criminal attack of aggressive offender to obtain a positive assessment passing the credit test on special physical training if it is necessary to disarm him to eliminate the opposition and restrict the freedom of movement. To achieve this goal, the officers and law-enforcement officers can use kicks, throws, submission hold and submission locks as well as a combination of techniques. If law-enforcement officers performs fighting combat maneuvers passing the credit test on this subject slowly, hesitantly or not according to their description the officer can fail the credit test. …

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