Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Special Aspects of Psycho-Physiological Reactions of Different Skillfulness Athletes, Practicing Martial Arts

Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Special Aspects of Psycho-Physiological Reactions of Different Skillfulness Athletes, Practicing Martial Arts

Article excerpt

Introduction

Researches of athletes' functional state are widely used for assessment of sportsmanship and successfulness. This criterion permits to judge about fitness by tests, corresponding to specificities of kind of sports. Lidor, Côté, and Hackfort (2009) stress on importance of measuring, analysis and assessment of physical and motor skills in promising athletes' selection, for individual and team kinds of sports.

Complex, integrative approach is an important principle of testing organization. Balagué, Torrents, Hristovski, and Kelso (2017) note demand in integration of sport science, physiology, bio-mechanics, sociology and other fundamental and applied disciplines. Application of theses sciences' methodology in sports permits to raise effectiveness of researches.

MacDonald and Minahan (2016) underline significance of complex usage of tests' batteries for functional state assessment. In rugby assessment of players' attention and motor functions were marked out as important qualities. Results were interpreted, considering reliability of the received data.

Franks, Morrow, and Plowman (1988) note demand in tests' for physical fitness correct selection. Selection of valid tests is the compulsory condition. They shall correspond to principles of theory of measurements; reflect the flow of physiological processes. The same conclusion was made in the work of Plowman (2014). The author studied the problems of organization of children's and adolescents' physical fitness. Objectiveness, informative level and validity of tests were marked out as the main principles of selection. In other researches demand in consideration of the mentioned criteria, when assessing the following, is also stressed on:

- Students' workability (Drogomeretsky, Kopeikina, Kondakov, & Iermakov, 2017; Kozina, Iermakov, Crełu, Kadutskaya, & Sobyanin, 2017);

- Determination of students' health (Arziutov, Iermakov, Bartik, Nosko, & Cynarski, 2016; Korobeynikov, Korobeynikova, Iermakov, & Nosko, 2016; Pryimakov, Eider, Nosko, & Iermakov, 2017);

- Schoolchildren's physical fitness (Bodnar & Kindzer, 2016);

- Children's physical rehabilitation (Nosko, Razumeyko, Iermakov, & Yermakova, 2016; Zastavna, 2016);

- Schoolchildren's somatic health (Ivashchenko et al., 2017; Kamaev, Proskurov, Potop, Nosko, & Yermakova, 2017);

- Junior athletes' readiness for competitions (Boichuk, Iermakov, & Nosko, 2017; Potop, Manole, & Andreyeva, 2014; Potop, Timnea, Mihaiu, & Manole, 2014);

- Healthy life style indicators and behavior of students (Osipov et al., 2016; Radziminska, Weber-Rajek, Lulinska-Kuklik, Kazmierczak, & Moska, 2016).

Study of correlations between the researched indicators is also rather important. Hopkins (1979) analyzed significance of tests' complex for successfulness in basketball. Application of discriminant analysis permitted to mark out the main skills for prognostication in this kind of sports.

Woods, Raynor, Bruce, and McDonald (2015) used tests as predictors of successfulness of different sportsmanship football players. Application of dispersion and regression analysis proved the importance of results for prognostication of successful sport functioning.

Cureton and Warren (1990) offered to work out the standards of fitness on the base of testing results. These standards shall become the base of sportsmanship assessment.

Increase of sportsmanship level reflects in psycho-physiological state. Brétigny, Leroy, Button, Chollet, and Seifert (2011) studied grass hockey players' coordination. They found that grass hockey players of better sportsmanship had higher coordination level.

Seifert et al. (2011) proved that coordination level can be used for prognostication of swimmers' successfulness. Krasich et al. (2016) note, that sensor-motor abilities are of decisive importance in sport, military and other professional activities. …

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