Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Increase of Results during Swimming Training of Exercising and Non-Exercising Students

Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Increase of Results during Swimming Training of Exercising and Non-Exercising Students

Article excerpt

Introduction

Swimming has a favorable and multi-action impact on the human organism. This fact defines it as one of the most preferred sports among the students of the South-Western University "Neofit Rilski". The established level of swimming skills is comparatively low - despite the required training when forming the groups of students of various majors at South-Western University having selected swimming as mandatory sports training. This on its own part imposes additional requirements regarding the methodic of primary swimming training.

Dilova-Neykova (2003) develops training methodic through applying psycho-physical methods for students who cannot swim from Veliko Tarnovo University "St. St. Cyril and Methodius". The author uses ideomtor method of impact when learning swimming styles, where students imagine the precise execution of certain swimming movements.

Bebetsos Evaggelos (2014) made a study about the effect of instructional self-talk on performance and learning the backstroke of young swimmers and on the perceived functions of it. The results of this particular study come to the conclusion that the athletes that participated in the group that used instructional self-talk, improved their technique. It is suggested that the trainers, during practice, teach their athletes to use the instructional self-talk if the goal is to improve the teaching skill.

Messinis S. & Platanou T. (2010) made a study about pacing device for swimming and mechanical construction of constant speed. The aim of training is the periodic functional body charge of creating long-term operational adjustments so the swimmer to achieve the highest performance. One of the major factors for achieving high performance is the increasing power of the athlete.

Another methodic is the developed by Daniel A. Marinho1,2, Nuno Garrido2,3, Tiago M. Barbosa2,4, Rui Canelas1,2, António J. Silva2,3, Aldo M. Costa1,2, Victor Machado Reis2,3, Mário C. Marques! (2009) concluding that verifying that in age-group swimmers seven weeks of a systematic training program seemed to be sufficient to improve sprint performance.

In this research we use the developed by us specialized methodic for accelerated swimming training for certain period of time, adapted towards the curriculums of students of various majors with set hours. Specialized methodic uses simultaneous methodic for training in swimming in compliance with the individual typological peculiarities of students as swimming techniques are mastered in parallel.

In consists of two parts with total hours of 60 school hours distributed in 30 school weeks (two semesters), 2 school hours per week with duration - 90 minutes. In the first part of the 30 school hours mastered is the technique of swimming styles. In the second part of the methodic (30 school hours) mastered are school swimming techniques and constructed are skills for using swimming for life (Lekina 2016). For inspection of the efficiency of applied methodic, of substantial significance is the growth of acquired swimming skills for exercising and non-exercising students. In her research Bulgakova (1996) establishes that the physical development and motor training of swimmers (11-16 years of age) are at very high level of students of the same age who do not practice swimming.

Material & methods

Research's design

Object of the research are the acquired swimming skills for exercising and non-exercising students at SWU "Neofit Rilski".

Subject of the empirical research is the connection of reached level of swimming training with the growth of achieved results for exercising and non-exercising students.

Contingent of the research are 102 students (50 exercising and 52 non-exercising) of various majors in SWU who have selected swimming as mandatory sports training.

Objective of the empirical training is research of the growth of reached level of swimming training for exercising and non-exercising students after applying the developed methodic of swimming training. …

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