Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Improving Technical Preparedness of Archers Using Directional Development of Their Coordination Skills on Stage Using the Specialized Basic Training

Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Improving Technical Preparedness of Archers Using Directional Development of Their Coordination Skills on Stage Using the Specialized Basic Training

Article excerpt

Introduction

High level of Ukraine athletes results in this sport and high competition level on world arena form a need for creating a scientific and methodological basis for athletes preparation at different stages of long-term training period (Antonov, 2012; Briskin, 2010, 2014; Romanchyshyn, 2015).

In archery structure of competitive activity belongs to high coordinated sport group. By orientation the techniques are oriented to achieve maximum results that can be measured metrically which requires taking into account specific sports training principle - unity and relationship of structure of competitive activity and structure of training process and forming a perfect motor skills (shot execution) and its implementation in terms of competitive activities. Accordingly must be identified high value of technical training leading role in the structure of long-term training period of athletes in archery (Briskin, 2011, 2014; Yi-Chieh, 2010 ).

Researches of athletes training in archery are focused on errors in laying the bow, the physiological mechanisms of motor skills; modeling of the archer body and more. These results partially solve the issues of technical training in archery (Ertan, 1999, 2003, 2009; Leroyer, 1993).

Researches of the actual technical training in archery are focused mainly on the structure of motor actions using different means of technical training, evaluation of technical level, improving training process of high qualified athletes (Park, 2009; Part , 2014; Soylu, 2006).

However, several experts emphasized that specialized basic training level is one of the main in long-term training period of athletes. Within this stage there is a significant increase in special training means compared to previous stages and form the basis for a sharp increase of training amount on next stages of long-term training period and provides high amount of athletes participation in competitions (Khimenes, 2016; Miyazaki, 2013; Musta, 2003). Thus, improving areas of technical training in archery can be developing of specialized physical fitness of athletes, use of individual computer standards of biomechanical parameters, use of training devices, formation of the structure and content of training loads according to athletes' abilities.

A number of scientists note that the basis for the formation of technical preparedness of athletes is the optimal level of special physical qualities. In studies devoted to improving the technical preparedness of athletes on the basis of special physical qualities the main slope is made in improving the specific strength abilities (Alex, 2009; Briskin, 2016; Ertan, 2005; Keast, 1991; Tursi, 2013). However, in archery level of strength abilities of athletes is not high that considering the high coordination structure of competitive activity and the structure and content of existing researches forms an important scientific and practical task of improving the technical preparedness of the archers on the stage of specialized basic training using directed development of coordination abilities.

Purpose of the research

Improvement of technical training with use of coordination abilities directed development of qualified archery sportsmen.

Materials and Methods

Methods: theoretical analysis and synthesis; comparison; analysis of documentary materials; pedagogical observation; pedagogical experiment; mathematical and statistical methods of data processing.

To the research were attracted 70 athletes of different qualification. Of these, 25 athletes of Ukraine national archery team (stage of maximum realization of individual abilities) and 45 athletes on the stage of specialized basic training from sport schools "Elektron" from Lviv and "Kommunar" from Kharkiv.

Results

Based on the data set of scientific and technical literature study and information sources are set basic parameters of performance technology of competitive exercise as a component of technical preparedness of archers, set requirements for technical skills of athletes during long-term training period and generalized directions of technical training improvement of athletes on stage of specialized basic training (Antonov, 2012; Briskin, 2011; 2014). …

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