Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Designing an Effective Approach to Sport for the Integration in Higher Education Institutions (the Effects of Yoga Practice)

Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Designing an Effective Approach to Sport for the Integration in Higher Education Institutions (the Effects of Yoga Practice)

Article excerpt

Introduction

Sports are becoming increasingly important for boosting confidence, staying fit, interacting with peers, being competitive and strengthening a family bond. sport for all provision combined with population's vigorous daily schedule (work, school, recreation) and other components of a healthy lifestyle are the most effective lifeenhancing decisions on promoting, restoring and maintaining health and would contribute to reducing the burden of noncommunicable diseases in order to improve a person's quality of life in general (Baumann, 2000; Palm, 2004; Yamaguchi, 2004; Lytvynenko, 2005; Dutchak, 2009; Khimenes, 2016; Galan, 2016). However, only regular physical activity and a healthy lifestyle can positively affect the human body (Platonov, 2006; Pityn, 2013; Andrieieva, 2017).

It should be noted that in Ukraine's Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) students' systematic motor activity is developed through twice-a-week PE classes, consequently, a paucity of physical activity does not provide any students' health-improving or developmental effect (Bar-Or, 2009; Romanchyshyn, 2015; Briskin, 2016). However, this number of classes even with optimal parameters cannot achieve the desired health effect, and, thus, stipulates the need for additional motor activity during after classes' time.

With the seemingly endless push of the public towards a rigorous physical activity, the 'personality' approach is observed to be completely neglected; HEI students' top priorities, their motives, needs and interests get left behind. Suchlike grave situation necessitates finding effective ways to solving these burning issues. Noteworthy, the overriding goal of Pedagogics is Humanism, which is crucial in Physical Education (P.E.) standards as well, as it facilitates fostering humanistic values in students (Zyazyun, 2002; Kremen, 2011; Shabanova, 2014). Following the ideas of humanism through PE classes will enable young people to focus on their personal values and develop their positive attitudes about fitness that are necessary to carry on a lifelong enjoyment and engagement in exercise and physical activity.

Ukraine's present-day higher education system comprises Physical Education as an integral part of specialists' training, yet, experts put an emphasis in their research on the urgency of a far-reaching restructuring of Physical Education classes in universities as well as innovative technologies being introduced into classroom (Jedynak, 2014; Kolumbet, 2015). The authors argue that such innovations will significantly affect the process of encouraging students to various forms of motor activity (Tomenko, 2010; Sychova, 2012; Kozina, 2014; Olxovy'j, 2014; Temchenko, 2015). Furthermore, Physical Education experts suggest applying recreational technology in PE classes for HEI students (Smyrnova, 2006; Verblyudov, 2007; Bazylyuk, 2013; Tolchyeva, 2012; Kozina, 2014; Ivanii, 2016). Simultaneously, scientific studies on effective approach to sport for all integration in Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) have received scant attention from researchers, as a result, the authors inquire into this aspect, immensely developing and contributing to understanding of the importance of fostering HEI students' interest in regular motor activity and maintaining a health-enhancing level of fitness.

Aforesaid statement stipulates the novelty and relevance of our research, dedicated to solving the problem, which is of vital theoretical and practical importance for optimizing and improving Physical Education (PE) classes in terms of designing an effective approach to sport for all integration in Higher Education Institutions.

Purpose of the research

Scientifically ground a structural and logical model of students' involvement in sport for all activities through Physical Education classes.

Materials and Methods

To judge the validity of our study we'd rather provide a clear and precise description of the research methods as followed: Scientific Methods (theoretical analysis, generalization of the body of specialized and documentary evidence, the modeling method, programming); Pedagogical Methods (classroom-observation, motor abilities scores; pedagogical experiment, including constative and forming stages); Sociological Methods (questionnaire, interview); Methods of Mathematical Statistics (t-criterion of Student; x2 (chi-square) test of homogeneity, Tschuprow's T test; Cronbach's alpha(a measure of internal consistency). …

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