Academic journal article Journal of Research Administration

Reprint 2007: Why Academics Have a Hard Time Writing Good Grants Proposals

Academic journal article Journal of Research Administration

Reprint 2007: Why Academics Have a Hard Time Writing Good Grants Proposals

Article excerpt

Preface

My technique for getting a paper published: Start by thinking of a jazzy title, one that will tempt readers to dive in. In the summer of 2006, "Why Academics Have a Hard Time Writing Good Grant Proposals" seemed jazzy enough, and it worked. The paper was inspired by a phone call from a senior scholar at Virginia Tech, well known in his field, who was quite put out when his grant proposal was declined. Sensing the need for a consultation, I asked him to bring me the proposal, together with reviewers' comments. He did, and when he plopped the papers on my desk, on top was the lead reviewer's evaluation summary, which began "Reads like a journal article." A light bulb went off.

I had known for some time that successful grant proposals had a different style and feel than scholarly articles in academic journals, but I never thought very clearly about exactly what made the two styles so different. As I started to focus on the subject, several contrasting qualities were immediately evident, and others fell in line as I worked through the first draft. The paper seemed to write itself, and it was actually fun to do the necessary revising and editing before shipping off the final product to compete in SRAI's 2006 Symposium competition. To my surprise and delight it took first place, and was published in the Journal of Research Administration's Fall 2007 edition.

Looking back ten years later, one has to ask, has much changed since then? The answer: Not much. If anything, proposal writers are under even greater pressure these days to express their research ideas in clear, concise and persuasive prose, in a style that meets the heightened expectations of today's reviewers. For more than a decade, I have travelled throughout the country conducting grant writing workshops based on ideas in the paper, ideas that have been well received by researchers in many universities.

More recently, with generous support from SRAI's International Fellowship program, I have delivered similar presentations at conferences of the Association of Research Managers and Administrators (ARMA) in the United Kingdom and the European Association of Research Managers and Administrators (EARMA), which meets annually in various locations on the continent. Though funding sources and reviewing procedures differ a great deal from country to country, I'm delighted to report that the headaches associated writing strong grant proposals appear to be universal.

So I'm honored to learn my paper has been selected for reprinting in SRAI's 50th anniversary edition. I sincerely hope it will continue to be of help to grant writers and research administrators alike.

Robert Porter, PhD

Grant-Winners Seminars

Knoxville TN 37920

Tel: (865) 577-4816

Email: reporter@grant-winners.com

Introduction

When they are new to the grant game, even scholars with fine publishing records can struggle with proposal writing. Many are surprised to find that the writing style that made them successful as academics is not well suited to crafting a winning proposal. To succeed at grant writing, most researchers need to learn a new set of writing skills.

Academic Writing

For purposes of this discussion "academic writing" is defined as that style commonly adopted for scholarly papers, essays, and journal articles. The following is a typical example:

Taken together with the findings from the present study that (a) workplace aggression in the primary job was more closely associated with negative work experiences and (b) both situational and individual characteristics played a role in aggression in the secondary job, future research might benefit from a greater focus on the subjective salience of the job as a moderator of the relationship between workplace experiences and supervisor-targeted aggression. Indeed, despite the differential effects of situational and individual difference factors on aggression, it is notable that the individual difference factors exerted a consistent but relatively low-level effect on aggression across contexts, whereas the more salient situational experiences exerted context-specific effects. …

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