Academic journal article South Asian Studies

Spiritual Leadership in Organizational Context: A Research Gap in South Asia

Academic journal article South Asian Studies

Spiritual Leadership in Organizational Context: A Research Gap in South Asia

Article excerpt


Leadership" is one of the most systematically investigated collective influence courses in the social sciences. This is for the reason that the success of all monetary, administrative, and administrative structures is contingent on the operational and well-organized leadership of the leaders of these structures (Barrow 1977). A perilous aspect to considerate the success of an organization, at that point, is to study the situation leaders. "Leadership is a skill used to influence followers in an organization to work enthusiastically towards goals specifically identified for the common good" (Barrow 1977; Cyert 2006; Plsek and Wilson 2001). According to Banutu-Gomez and Banutu-Gomez 2007 -great leaders create a vision for an organization, articulate the vision to the followers, build a shared vision, craft a path to achieve the vision, and guide their organizations into new directions" (Banutu-Gomez and Banutu-Gomez 2007).

How "do people treat spirituality in the workplace? People always heard about spirituality but reluctant to associate it with the workplace, due to assumptions that workplaces or other social institutions are secular (Hicks, 2002). Some researchers and scholars have argued that future organizational life and social change in our society consists of critical elements such as spirituality, the desire for meaningful work, and employee job satisfaction (Giacalone & Jurkiewicz, 2003; Karakas, 2009; Marques, Dhiman & King, 2005) . Studies "on the link between spirituality and organizational leadership; and the impact of spirituality to employee outcomes such as absenteeism, productivity, turnover, ethicality, stress, and health are growing and have become a central issue in current trend of spirituality studies (Fairholm, 1998; Fry, 2003; Giacalone & Jurkiewicz, 2003). Justin (2008) states that there has been a rising doubts regarding the impact of spirituality on leadership practices in the past decade, even though there were evident that the effectiveness of the leaders has been associated with their spiritual values and practices (Reave, 2005). Astin and Astin (2000) stressed the importance of spirituality to be emphasized in leadership by suggesting that future leaders should not only be equipped with new knowledge and skills, but would also be able to demonstrate a high level of emotional and spiritual wisdom and" maturity. Fairholm (2011) labeled leadership progress in relationships of generations;

"1st generation: Focused on who the leader is (e.g., great man theory, charismatic leadership and other discussions of traits). Prior to the 1970s, the predominant emphasis was the leader as an individual and his/her point of view; 2nd generation: What leaders do (behavioral theories); 3rd generation: Where leadership happens (e.g., contingency theory; situational theory); 4th generation: What leaders think about, value, and do (transactional, transformational, principlecentered, servant, moral leadership, etc.); 5th generation: spiritual leadership; From the 1970s and 1980s forward, there was increased recognition and attention paid to leadership as an influencing process. Another aspect of the 1970s was an increased focus on morals and values in relation to leadership. The 1990s and 2000s continued to see many proposed leadership approaches and definitions using such terms as: strategic, visionary, connective, authentic, spiritual, responsible, adaptive, and principle centered" (Fairholm, 2011).

Each of the generation is on the go and justly self-governing from one another with each one still attaining scholarly consideration and emphasis. Leadership theories do not seem like to go missing on the other hand remains evolving.

A new paradigm (Current Trend) in organizations: Spirituality Movement There were many best-selling books on leadership and management had "spirit" or an analogous term in the label; the theme of place of work spirituality is commencing to be seem in organizational behavior texts (Robbins, 2003a, b) representing that it is currently being taught in a conventional way equally in graduate and undergraduate business programs; and numerous symposiums on this theme are nowadays programmed round the world (Biberman & Altman, 2004). …

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