Academic journal article Global Media Journal

Exploring the Elements of Korean Literature Education Contents for Foreigners: Selection of Korean Literature Education Contents for Russian Universities

Academic journal article Global Media Journal

Exploring the Elements of Korean Literature Education Contents for Foreigners: Selection of Korean Literature Education Contents for Russian Universities

Article excerpt

Introduction

The process of teaching and learning a language should not be based only on vocabulary and grammar materials, but also on learning more about consciousness and the way of thinking of the native speakers, what can be a great help in order to communicate with them. Intellectual structure of the target language, as well as the historical and mental values expressed in the language, cannot be properly understood without some knowledge about the culture and literature. However, language education is ultimately an activity and inquiry based on the nature of language, what is closely related to the goal of literary education - the achievement of humanity through literacy [1] Literature in language education can be an important teaching - learning material and a goal for the essence of language activity or for literary activities. Since the literary language is the closest to the language of everyday life, it is useful for language learning process.

This can be seen in the fact that literary works are an effective method to learn dialects, orthonyms, etc., as there are phrases such as idioms, proverbs, and literary expressions [2].

The role of literary education in Korean language education program has been neglected in the meantime. There are not so many researches about the connection between Korean language education and Korean literacy education and contents of Korean literature as a study for foreigners and teaching - learning method.

In Korea, after scholar's discontinuities, the contents of literature textbooks for high school students are fully designated by the Ministry of Education. However, Korean universities try to overlook the contents of high school textbook with the author's discretion as a meaningful part of literary literacy for the native people. Moreover, in Russia, it consists of translation of Korean books or contents of author's bias. In other words, Korean literature books published in Korea and Russia are different. And that fact shows that the authors have different intuition about the elements of Korean literature.

Preliminary research: There are scholars who provided the basis of research related to the globalization of Korean literature and Korean literature textbooks. Such as authors of works about importance of literacy education in order to improve communication skills: in foreign languages - Fountas IC, Pinnell GS (2001), Carter R, Long N (1991), and Collie J, Slater S (1988), and in Korean language - Kim Dae Haeng (2000), Yun Yeo Tak (2002, 2003), Kim Kwang He (2007). There are also researches about Korean literature textbooks for foreigners by Yun Yeo Tak (2007), Im Jung Woo (2015), Lee Chang Sik (2014), Pae Gyu Beom (2010, 2014) Korean literature textbooks in Russia were analyzed by Yeryomenko LE, Ivanova VI (1964), Nikitina MI (1982), Soldatova MV, Park KA (2003), Trocevich AF (2004), Kim VN, Park IL, Saidazimova UT (2009), Kim GN (2011), Voitishek EE, Loseva ES. (2010), Tsoy IV (2012), Hohlova EA (2015), Ko Yeoung Cheol (2016).

The purpose of this research is to analyze literature elements that can be included in textbooks in order to provide for Russian students an opportunity to experience Korean emotions through Korean literature education. The following topics are set.

Firstly, the content of Korean literature as a purpose to promote Korean language to foreigners

Secondly, the content of Korean literature as a way to understand Korean culture and soul

Thirdly, the identity of Korean literature, history and periodicity, locality (North and South Koreans, overseas Koreans), universality, specificity, sociality (social class, occupation).

Research issues: Legal criteria of Korean literature curriculum in Korea, content of Korean textbooks, contents of Korean literature textbooks in Russia and CIS, the role of elements of Korean literature for Russian and CIS college students.

Research method: analysis of literature and data related to Korean literature in Korea, Russia and CIS region, a questionnaire survey for Russian university students. …

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