Academic journal article Researchers World

Educational Science Students' Attitudes toward Internship in Shahid Maghsoudi University of Hamedan, Iran

Academic journal article Researchers World

Educational Science Students' Attitudes toward Internship in Shahid Maghsoudi University of Hamedan, Iran

Article excerpt

INTRODUCTION:

Farhangian University1 plays a key role in education system. The success or failure of educational evolution depends on teachers' professional capabilities. Teachers are, in fact, the main executors of educational programs. Japanese educational experts believe that the suitability of any educational system is as great as the competence of the teachers trained in that system (Samee Zafarghandi, 2011). Danesh Pajouh (2006) believes that the success of educational system depends, to some extent, on teacher's professional skills and knowledge. Therefore, teachers are claimed to be the most important component of education system in learning -teaching process. They are also the main architect of education system. Bagheri (2001) (quoted from Nemati, 2011) believed that teachers are the last link in the process of the implementation of educational theories through the education system and students. Teachers are the ones assigned to guide and direct students' educational experiences. According to Zabihi, teachers are, in fact, the product of education system in an official system. Derakhshan (1993) emphasized the role of teachers on knowledge and organized professional skills in the relationship between teaching and qualification. He reminded that if the teachers are limited to knowledge transfer, they have been underestimated. Therefore, the main role of teachers is their educational role. Being knowledgeable does not necessarily mean good teachers. Knowledge transfer requires certain skills acquired over time. Learning professional skills is of great importance. Danesh Pajouh (2006) believed that teachers who have not experienced teaching skills are considered disqualified teachers. Shoa'ari Nejad (2002) believed that a successful teacher not only is a trainer but provides learning opportunities. Teaching is believed to be an art; however, the superior art is "Teacher Training". If training teaching skills is based on the involvement of young teachers in universities and teacher training centers, they would realize their own competencies and find the top practices using their creativities. To achieve such preparation, it is essential to practically involve teachers by internships after acquiring theoretical principles. Consequently, teacher-student training program focuses on internship (Ra'ouf, 1992: 31). The following diagram simplifies the elements of teacher training curricula. Its implementation requires the task division based on Iranian higher education missions.

Internship is a measure taken to ensure the readiness of the person during the transfer from the tehory to action (Moshfegh Arani, 1997, quoted from Zolghadr Nasab and Astaneh, 2016). Internship is an opportunity for individual and professional development of students through the engagement with occupational activities. Internship is a common term in the field of empirical education or experiential learning that may occur in different seasons of the year and includes a variety of collaborative, independent, college-supported, paid and non-paid education (Bocalia, 2012). Academic internship is also a kind of empirical learning that integrates knowledge and academic theory with application and skill in the workplace. According to Koolin and Rohling, it is a bridge between the academic environment and the workplace (Rohanen et al., 2013, quoted by Talkhaee and Faghiri, 2014). Schewan (1987) sees internship as an environment in which learning takes place and students learn something through doing. Indeed, internship is the pattern of thinking in action that the thoughtful interns are trained (Salerni, 2013, quoted by Zolghadr Nasab and Astaneh, 2016). Farhangian University, as the main reference for the realization of the goals and objectives of the education system development plan among student-teachers, which has the very important mission of educating future teachers has a very special look at internship as one of the most important criteria for educating student-teachers. …

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