Academic journal article Federal Probation

Juvenile Focus

Academic journal article Federal Probation

Juvenile Focus

Article excerpt

Criminal Victimization

The Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) has published Criminal Victimization, 2015, which presents national rates and levels of criminal victimization in 2015 and annual change from 2014. The report includes statistics on the characteristics of crimes and victims and consequences of victimization. It examines violent crimes (rape or sexual assault, robbery, aggravated assault, and simple assault) and property crimes (household burglary, motor vehicle theft, and theft). It also includes estimates of domestic violence, intimate partner violence, injury, and use of weapons in violent victimization. Data are from the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS), which collects information on nonfatal crimes, reported and not reported to the police, against persons age 12 or older from a nationally representative sample of U.S. households. During 2015, about 95,760 households and 163,880 persons were interviewed for the NCVS.

Highlights:

* No statistically significant change occurred in the rate of violent crime from 2014 (20.1 victimizations per 1,000) to 2015 (18.6 per 1,000).

* No statistically significant change was detected in the percentages of violent crime reported to police from 2014 (46%) to 2015 (47%).

* The rate of property crime decreased from 118.1 victimizations per 1,000 households in 2014 to 110.7 per 1,000 in 2015.

* In 2015, 0.98% of all persons age 12 or older (2.7 million persons) experienced at least one violent victimization.

* The prevalence rate of violent victimization declined from 1.11% of all persons age 12 or older in 2014 to 0.98% in 2015.

Model Indian Juvenile Code

The Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) has announced the publication of its 2016 Model Indian Juvenile Code. Since 2012, OJJDP worked with BIA's Office of Justice Services Tribal Justice Support Directorate to update the 1988 Model Indian Juvenile Code. During development of the code, OJJDP worked with the Departments of Interior and Health and Human Services to gather information through listening sessions and tribal consultations. This final update serves as a framework to help federally recognized tribes interested in creating or enhancing their own codes to focus on Juvenile issues, specifically alcoholand/or drug-related offenses in Indian Country. The 2016 model code encourages the use of alternatives to detention and confinement while focusing on community-based multi-disciplinary responses to Juvenile delinquency, truancy, and child-in-need services.

School Safety Programs

The National Institute of Justice (NIJ) has released "Find School Safety Programs on CrimeSolutions.gov." This short video discusses how school, social services, and agencies can use the CrimeSolutions.gov clearinghouse to find evidence-based programs and practices that can improve school safety. CrimeSolutions.gov includes almost 300 programs and practices on Juvenile topics, including school safety, children exposed to violence, child protection and health, delinquency prevention, and risk and protective factors. The video also addresses the lack of strong evaluations of school safety programs that schools are implementing and investing in and how this presents an opportunity for research. Many of the programs were added to CrimeSolutions.gov under NIJ's Comprehensive School Safety Initiative

The Jude Effect

Matthew Desmond, Andrew V. Papachristos, and David S. Kirks review of nearly seven years of Milwaukee residents' 911 calls shows that African Americans reduced their crimereporting behavior in the wake of high-profile cases of police brutality. In particular, press coverage of the police beating of Frank Jude in October 2004 was followed by a dramatic and durable reduction in 911 calls from black neighborhoods, in contrast to a small and brief drop in such calls from white neighborhoods. Moreover, homicides increased in the wake of residents' declined use of 911. …

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