Academic journal article International Electronic Journal of Elementary Education

Areas of Mentoring Needs of Novice and Preservice Teachers *

Academic journal article International Electronic Journal of Elementary Education

Areas of Mentoring Needs of Novice and Preservice Teachers *

Article excerpt

Introduction

Mentoring, a subject of comprehensive academic studies today, has been first described by Homer in Iliad. We think that the basic reason behind why the history of mentoring dates so back is recognition of the value of gaining experience within the framework of a masterapprentice relationship. As a matter of fact, when one wished to learn something on anything in ancient times, it was adequate just to take their place as apprentice for someone. The method of learning available in those times was just "to find someone who knew better and to learn from them" (Dag, 2011, p. 2). Master-apprentice relation was considered the most effective way of learning. Although not as much as in those times, occupational knowledge and skills in several countries of the world and in Turkey are today being provided within the framework of that relationship in several different sectors.

Some researchers interpret mentoring as the equivalent of master-apprentice relationship in today's terminology1. Mentoring is a learning partnership between a more experience person and a less experienced person in occupational context (Searby & Tripses, 2012, p. 3). In that partnership relationship, the mentor is a person undertaking entire responsibility for development of the mentee in a way compatible with the corporate culture s/he is affiliated to, and his/her becoming an effective and productive employee in the corporation. In other words, the source of information is a Socratic questioner. The mentee is the person receiving psychosocial support from a senior and experienced mentor through career (Bakioglu, Gogus, Ulker, Bayhan & Ozgen, 2015, p. 2).

The vast majority of the fresh teachers require assistance/support in the process of acquisition and reinforcement of knowledge, skills, values and norms. It is also known that many solve problems they may encounter through trial and error or through modeling or imitation. No doubt it is more desirable to overcome those problems or conditions absence of which is evidently felt in a conscious and aware manner by getting professional support instead of having a random solution within their natural course. As a matter of fact, the point reached at education in Turkey as of today is just a great loss of quality.

The ranking of Turkey in international examinations such as PISA, PIRLS, TIMSS has somewhat attracted attentions to teacher education; and the need for qualified and professional education brought up mentoring on Turkey's education agenda. As a matter of fact, in the 19th National Education Council held in 2014, mentoring within the framework of a more structured practice for those new to the teaching occupation was highlighted as a necessity. Mentoring is an individualized professional development process constituting a basis to supporting of teachers and their qualified preparation to their occupation. The process is not just guiding by the mentor of development in pedagogical terms of the teacher willing to get or in need of service. It is also a practice involving more than just the pedagogic guidance of, or educational partnership/friends of the served with, the mentor. Mentoring is not only a joint process which the mentor and the mentee think together and learn together but also one in which the served structures his/her educational experiences in his/her own personal teaching profile. This research aims at putting forth the areas of mentoring need for the novice and preservice teachers.

Business world has for long been one of the first implementation societies in terms of mentoring. Among common themes in the business world are development of counseling programmes for new executives who has been determined to have a potential to climb to senior positions through team counseling and interactive group counseling. As to architecture and engineering, they are among technical fields dealt with through mentoring. Mentoring in architecture is used in recognition of expectations of the employer from and the potential of the new recruit. …

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