Academic journal article Journal of Media Research

When the Journalist Meets New Media: Some Reflections on the Interactions between Journalist and New Media Driven Journalism in Turkey

Academic journal article Journal of Media Research

When the Journalist Meets New Media: Some Reflections on the Interactions between Journalist and New Media Driven Journalism in Turkey

Article excerpt

Introduction

This article deals with the interactions between journalism and new media ecology and in this sense, changing occupational perceptions of journalists' through with a survey and semi-structured deep interviews. When neoliberal policies came into effect after the 1990s, the new era implied radical changes for the media sector and its integrated markets. At the global level, ongoing transformations included concentration of ownership, monopolization, insufficient media policies, mismanagement of new media by government policy, ineffective national media policies in the age of neoliberalism, and firm restrictions on freedom of information and expression. Perhaps the most important transition is experienced by journalism and in journalistic routines. As Jenifer Alejandro (2010, p. 9) mentions; "in the old days, a reporter was given a lead or went out to find a story. Today, many stories are received third hand (sometimes even fourth or fifth hand) through Facebook posts or Tweets or Digg so that by the time a story is assigned to the reporter, the story in some form or another is already out there in the social media universe". In this sense, the most important transition process is often seen to be the migration of the journalist and journalistic routines into new media and new media-driven journalism, changes are not restricted only to this area. In fact, this migration into the new media world has also been affected by the nature and meaning of the news in at least three important aspects (Deuze 1999, p. 373). These aspects are: (1) the chancing media ecology and its impact on the journalism profession and media outlets. This process is also called a "migration" from traditional media environment to the new media ecology. (2) the changing nature of journalist's perception of his/her profession and in this sense raised an important question with regarding changing occupational practices, for instance "who is a journalist?" (3) the changing nature on news making practices and in this sense, new media and communication technologies effect on these process. As Gillian Doyle (2016, p. 36) has points out; "digital convergence and growth of the internet have altered the landscape of media and cultural provision irrevocably in recent years, blurring sectoral and geographic boundaries, changing audience consumption behavior, altering and overturning conventional conceptions of the supply chain, and transforming levels of revenue and resourcing across the media industry". But, among in these (ongoing) transformations journalism is the most exposed realm of media and cultural provisions at least two important aspects. These are (1) regarding with the growing technology's impact on the professionalism of journalistic routines such as the changing boundaries of the news reporting, transforming professionalism and in this sense emerging "new" journalism as a result of growing new media and information technologies. The other aspect is related directly with journalist' perception on his/her profession.

Regarding the Internet's potential contribution to democracy, Mark Deuze (1999, p. 373) claims that the Internet has the potential to make the journalist's role as an essential intermediary force in democracy "more or less superfluous." This optimistic view is often based on the Internet's technological capability, which offers the journalist a vast array of resources and endless technological possibilities. Additionally, journalist interaction with new media, particularly Facebook and Twitter, and with other social media practices, is seen as an important connection to other sources of information and news. Similarly, as Susan Currie Sivek (2010, p. 158) points out, social media represent an opportunity for journalists and their organizations to connect with the audience in critical new ways, particularly to reunite alienated readers and viewers with content and content creators largely distanced in the past. Another important contribution for the analysis of the interaction between new media and journalist stems from the Internet's technological properties. …

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