Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Modern Methods of Increasing Working Capacity and Recovery Processes of Sportsmen in the System of Organization of Sports Training

Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Modern Methods of Increasing Working Capacity and Recovery Processes of Sportsmen in the System of Organization of Sports Training

Article excerpt

Introduction

Relevance of the research. The main reason for the reversible decrease in efficiency of professional or sports activity is the exhaustion which develops as a result of transferable loads. The most various means, accelerating this process, are used for the purpose of more quick restoration of the initial working condition. Any their influences on the tired organism come down to the problem of compensation of the lost potential. In this problem it is important to consider the reversible decrease in the lost potential and its restoration as the uniform process which can proceed with various speed, force of expressiveness and prevalence of manifestation. Representation of its passing in the three-dimensional space ?mobility-force-extendibility? as the certain process allows investigating inter-conditionality of quantitative ratio of the defining parameters on its high-quality manifestations. The mechanism of this process as expression of the final result of inter-conditionality of such relations represents the essence of the nature of vitauct [2]. At this stage of comprehensive investigation of this mechanism as the evolutionary process, which is directed to the preservation of long-term steady condition of organism in the environment of its stay, is possible only on the basis of use of the method of mathematical modeling.

Analysis of the last publications. The aspiration to increase efficiency of sportsmen and to accelerate their recovery processes by not pharmacological means on organism attracts use of ?nonconventional? methods of influence which can give a similar effect [9]. Art therapeutic means, which attract to themselves attention of researchers in many countries of the world recently, take the special place among the large number of ?nonconventional? physiotherapeutic and ergonomic means. However there is no clear understanding of the mechanism which provides high activity of potential opportunities of organism and acceleration of recovery processes after their considerable decrease. It naturally complicates the development of evidence-based methods of their application. The large volume of literature on use of art therapeutic means allows creating their classification, to systematize various ways of their application on the basis of purely empiric results of the conducted researches. In this regard the history of emergence of art therapeutic ways of influence on human body is of special interest [5].

The number of works is met among the numerous volumes of publications on the matter in which attempts of the research of the psycho-physiological mechanisms, defining efficiency of nonconventional methods of treatment, are put and made. Bio-therapeutic, art therapeutic and art pedagogical means are considered among such orientation of works [7].

Actually the whole this orientation of researches can be concerned to psychotherapeutic influence of auditory, visual means for the purpose of emotional management of the current state of organism [8]. Such orientation of the search of mechanisms of management of the current state of organism expands the circle of works which are based on psycho-physiological researches and objective control methods of result of influence of art means in increase in activity of recovery processes [1].

Purpose of the work consists in definition of psycho-physiological mechanisms of art therapeutic effect of impact on human body.

Design of researches

Object of researches. The mechanism of recovery processes of organism after the temporary decrease in its working capacity.

Research problems. To analyze the available scientific-methodical literature considering mechanisms of psycho-physiological regulation of emotional states; to determine consistent patterns of the course of physiological processes in various conditions of organism when performing the work in extreme and special working conditions; to allocate basic provisions of regulation of neuro-humoral mechanisms of the interdependent relations of systems of organism. …

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