Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Testing of Control Systems of Highly Qualified Handball Teams during the Annual Training Macrocycle

Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Testing of Control Systems of Highly Qualified Handball Teams during the Annual Training Macrocycle

Article excerpt

Introduction

At the present time, the well-developed theory and methods of pedagogical control and the system of integrated control in different sports [Asadi et al, 2015]. Increased demands on the organization of measures to ensure the control and management system training process determine the need to develop new means, techniques and technologies that allow the trainer to receive and process a large amount of diverse information [Sheppard et al, 2006; Wagner et al, 2016].

It is well known, the effective management of the training process in sports is impossible without systematic monitoring of physical, technical and matches of athletes [Rampinini et al, 2009; Tyshchenko & Popovich, 2015]. Means and methods of control in sports were formed with the participation of many specialists [Rašimienė G., 2013; Briskin et al, 2016; Prystupa & Tyshchenko, 2017]. Though despite the research in practice pedagogical and medico-biological control of athletes at the present time, there are different methodical plans when selecting the most informative criteria and diagnostic methods.

The modern control system should be based on the postulate of the impossibility of evaluation of integrated systems of the human body on the basis of data on the individual components. Operational, current, and staged control compulsorily carried out in conditions of training and competitive activity of the athlete and should be an integral part of sports training and sports medicine [Prystupa & Tyshchenko, 2016].

The relevance of the research topic due to the presence of significant contradictions between the need to achieve high results and insufficiently timely, complete and quality control of the competitive activities of athletes; between the need to implement complex control state of preparedness and the lack of justification of the methodology of complex monitoring during competitive activity; between the need for complex control in assessing the condition of sports readiness of highly qualified handball players, the complexity of its implementation in practice, in the absence of modern requirements, consistent manufacturability sports and pedagogical tools.

The goal of the study was to develop a control system of highly qualified handball teams during the annual training macrocycle.

Materials & methods

Overall design the studies were carried out during an annual training and competition macrocycle at the start and at the end of pre-season, and at the start and at the end of contest season as well. Qualified handball players of "Motor" and "ZTR" teams in the age of 18-32 were involved in study. Testing procedures were performed during the competitive season. The study protocol was performed in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki and approved by the local Institutional Review Board. All players volunteered for this study after verbal explanation of the experimental design and potential risks of the study. Oral and written informed consent was received from all participants. Exclusion criteria included history of any chronic medical conditions and use of any medication. All participants visited our laboratory once and underwent a series of anthropometric and physiological measures.

Statistical analysis to reveal the factor structure of the functional state of the qualified handball players, we use factor analysis of indicators using the computer program SPSS 16. Initial data for carrying out of factor analysis were indicators of qualified handball players registered for the annual macrocycle.

Results of research

According to the statues of the construction of scientific research, we carried out testing that was developed by the author's the control system of training and competitive activity of highly qualified handball teams in the annual training macrocycles. To implement it, after the completion of the competition season 20142015 years by a discussion of strategic goals and the definition of the objective of the planned amount of control of the facts in the season 2015-2016 years. …

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