Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

The Use of Functional Training – Crossfit Methods to Improve the Level of Special Training of Athletes Who Specialize in Combat Sambo

Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

The Use of Functional Training – Crossfit Methods to Improve the Level of Special Training of Athletes Who Specialize in Combat Sambo

Article excerpt

Introduction

Different types of martial arts are very popular among the population of different countries primarily youth (children, adolescents and boys). Today, many young people choose the lessons of mixed martial arts, the synthesis of shock and throw technique, painful and suffocating techniques for themselves. According to the experts opinion they refer to mixed martial arts: various types of hand-to-hand combat, kudo, combat sambo, wushu Sanda, pankration, jujitsu, etc. (Ashkinazi, & Bavykin, 2014). Many of these types of martial arts are used by specialists not only for the purpose of teaching martial arts but also as effective means of increasing the level of health and physical fitness of various groups of the population (Chyu, 2010). However, it should be recognized that these types of martial arts have only been developed recently and have not yet a significant scientific and methodological base for training and training athletes. E. Cherepov argues that modern mixed martial arts need an effective scientific and methodological base for conducting training sessions which includes all significant achievements in the field of sports science (Cherepov, & Shaikhetdinov, 2016). Since the technical actions of athletes in mixed martial arts represent receptions from various martial arts (boxing, wrestling, jujitsu, etc.) and there are significant difficulties in developing educational training programs for athletes (Lahti, 2016). Despite the growing popularity of mixed martial arts in the world there is a significant lack of research devoted to the physiological requirements for practicing such sports (Dopico-Calvo, Morenilla, et al., 2016). Practical activities of specialists and coaches in mixed martial arts are based mainly on their subjective preferences and existing teaching traditions (Lenetsky, & Harris, 2012). Completely this statement can be attributed to combat sambo. Consequently, combat sambo is a relatively young sport and the technique of training qualified athletes has not yet been fully explored. Specialists point out that there are quite significant differences in the technical and tactical arsenal of wrestlers specializing in sambo and combat sambo (Dadelo, Mečkovskis, & Štarevičius, 2013). There are many problems impeding the way of sports perfection of athletes specializing in combat sambo. For example, the imperfection of the current training program for officers and employees in the law enforcement agencies of the Russian Federation is described as a fascination with striking action in the rack and inadequate possession of effective protection methods lying on the ground (Osipov, Kudryavtsev, Galimova, et al., 2017).

According to scientists, one of the main problems facing specialists in the field of modern sports science is the search for effective ways to achieve meaningful sports results provided to preserve their health by athletes (Osipov, Kudryavtsev, Iermakov, et al., 2017; Tropin, Romanenko, & Ponomaryov, 2016). Indeed, a significant obstacle to the successful solution of this problem is the constant increase in the volume and intensity of training and competitive loads of athletes. In full, the processes of a significant increase in the amount of training activities can be observed in sports and mixed martial arts including combat sambo. At present analysis of scientific research shows that specialists and trainers have concentrated their main efforts on organizing the training process in single combat in such a way as to maximize the level of functional fitness for athletes to compete (Zhang, Ashkinazi, et al., 2016). The scientists note the importance of constant monitoring and operational control over the level of physical activity received by athletes in various types of martial arts including sambo and judo (Osipov, Kudryavtsev, Fedorova, et al., 2017; Zebzeev, & Zdanovich, 2013). In the current conditions of sports development of athletes the process of their preparation should be based on prompt and accurate information about the level of physical condition of martial artists which makes it necessary to provide quality control over the effectiveness of training exercises (Tron, Ilyin, & Bitsyura, 2013). …

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