Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Improvement of Technical and Tactical Training of Qualified Women Epee Fencers

Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Improvement of Technical and Tactical Training of Qualified Women Epee Fencers

Article excerpt

Introduction

Women epee fencing was first included in the Games of XXV Olympics (Atlanta, USA, 1996) and some of Ukrainian sportsman show outstanding results (Yana Shemyakina - 1st place at Games of XXX Olympiad, London, 2012; Natalia Conrad - 1st place at World Championship in Havana, 2003; Anfisa Pochkalova - 3rd place at World Championship, Antalya, 2009). At the same time, further improvement of training and competitive level in the internal arena is associated with qualitative improvement of sportsman training system at various stages of long-term improvement periods (Craig, 2003; Briskin, 2015; Antonov, 2017).

The need for efficient training of qualified sportsman who will be able to continue to realize their individual abilities at the national and international levels can be solved by adjusting the content of special training loads that can be optimally conducted at the stage of specialized basic training (Vass , 2003; Zoryana, 2013; Briskin, 2014, 2016).

Variant conditions of competitive activity in fencing determinate the priority in the structure of sportsmen training for the effective implementation of technical and tactical training. Its effective formation must be done in accordance with fundamental research, taking into account the current trends of sport, model indicators of training and competitive activity of more qualified sportsmen. It gives the advantage during the match in terms of qualitative and adequate selection of arsenal of technical and tactical actions in response to the actions of the opponents or their prevention, algorithm creation for the duel in general and in separate parts, etc. (Pitman, 2004; Maryan, 2013).

At the same time, the attention of specialists in fencing is concentrated on the consideration of issues related to the structure and content of competitive activity in various types of weapons, improvement of various training aspects in fencing and their control. In studies the training of sportsmen is mostly opened and only partly studied theoretical and methodological training aspects of qualified women epee fencers (Evangelista, 2000; Price, 2003; Jean-Marie, 2003, 2008; Games, 2006; Harmenberg, 2007).

Thus, the lack of a proper scientific and methodological component of model indicators of competitive and training activity of leading sportsmen consideration in qualified women epee fencers training form the actual scientific and practical task of improvement of technical and tactical training of sportsmen at the stage of specialized basic training.

Aim of the research is improvement of technical and tactical training of women epee fencers at stage of specialized basic training, taking into account the results of meaningful indicators of high qualified sportsmen.

Research tasks:

1. To determine the actual directions of technical and tactical training of women epee fencers at the stage of specialized basic training.

2. To reveal meaningful indicators of technical and tactical training of women epee fencers of different qualifications.

3. Determine qualification-deterministic features of technical training of women epee fencers.

4. To develop a program of technical and tactical training of women epee fencers on the stage of specialized basic training, taking into account meaningful indicators of high qualified sportsmen and experimentally verify its effectiveness.

Materials and Methods

Theoretical analysis and synthesis of scientific and methodical literature information gave an opportunity to study the modern problems of technical and tactical training of women epee fencers. Pedagogical observation was used to identify the features of competitive activity and training of women epee fencers of different qualification. Pedagogical experiment was aimed at determining the effectiveness of the experimental program of technical and tactical training of women epee fencers at the stage of specialized basic training. …

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