Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Theoretical and Methodological Concepts That Subsidize the Scientific Direction of Sports Training in Handball

Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Theoretical and Methodological Concepts That Subsidize the Scientific Direction of Sports Training in Handball

Article excerpt

Introduction

Changes in handball, content and technical-tactical structure, as well as the level of players' demand for motric, physiological, mental, mental, motivate the need to find the most effective ways to maximize performance. This requires a scientific and effective management of sports training to provide players, regardless of the playing field, energy resources to support specific effort, functional capacity appropriate to the specificity of effort, motivation, efficiency and efficiency in the game. This favors / enhances the level of bio-psycho-motric and technical-tactical potential of athletes.

Domain: Sports training science

The complexity of training as a long-lasting instructive-educational process sport training defined as "a complex, bio-psycho-pedagogical process, systematically deployed and gradually gradual adaptation of the athlete's body to intense physical and psychological efforts necessary to achieve performance in competitions "(Dragnea, A. and Mate-Teodorescu, S., 2002) and considered as one of the four conditional factors of sports performance (Epuran, M., 2001) goes beyond the boundaries of a simple instructive-educational process having several constituent sides. The approach to achieving the training goals, namely "preparing the athletes in view of increasing the performance potential and the development of the whole personality is a psycho-pedagogical process with its own specificity" (Popescu, V., 2011) specificity reflected by its.

In essence, getting great performances is inconceivable without an approach that does not identify with a process of transformation and development, adaptation, specialization and adjustment, characteristics of sports training. Thus, "the transformations within the training aim at both the performance component as a result and its structural component" (Dragnea, A., and Mate-Teodorescu, S.) maximizing the performances based on functional, structural and psychic modifications of the requests as a reaction complexity of the athlete's body to the stimuli applied according to the principles and methods of sports pedagogy. Biological and psychological changes are added in this way also to the motric ones, based on the capitalization of the predispositions, diversification and differentiation of the specific skills as a result of the intervention of the complex motorized learning process, to the "special qualitative parameters determined by the existence of the competitive situation, the action of the subject under the conditions of physical and psychic solicitation " (Epuran, M., and Stănescu, M.). The set of transformations produced by the action of specific demands on the body determines a specialization of adaptation in accordance with the competitive effort profile, which "is mainly achieved when the number of competitions increases greatly and concerns the motor skills, technical-tactical skills and psychological processes that are required priority according to the particularities of the sporting branch ". (Epuran, M., and Stănescu, M., 2010).

Since its appearance until now, handball has developed a long period of development, constantly modeling without altering the essence of "collective, dynamic, synthesis of basic human motor skills, such as running , "jumping, catching and throwing" (Kunst-Ghermănescu, I. et al., 1983), "a system of specific actions, systemically correlated, in which the player consciously adjusts his relationships with opponents, teammates, time, space and ball game "(Negulescu, CI, 2000), touching and maintaining a high-class competitive spirit with strong tendencies to assert in the world hierarchy of sports disciplines.

We consider that the long-term training, the fundamental requirement of modern sports training, is based on the designing of the training, the understanding of the functional mechanisms that govern the relation between the formative stage-periodization-objectives during the training of the athletes (Mihăilescu L. …

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