Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Lifestyle and Health Status of Adolescents from the Secondary School Medicine in Banska Bystrica

Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Lifestyle and Health Status of Adolescents from the Secondary School Medicine in Banska Bystrica

Article excerpt

Introduction

A current prevalence of lifestyle diseases that are caused by a wrong lifestyle, a negligence of health status or by a stress, encourages us to seek for solutions to a prevention of these problems (Šmída & Pavlovic, 2015). Lucas et al. (2015) state that in fact, lot of stated facts influence the health status and life of a human being already in a young age. We do not realize consequences of a current hurried time, until the health problems emerge. This is a reason why an intentional care and prevention of the health in every of its forms is very important factor, which should be taken into an account (Bendíková, 2011; Nemček, 2016).

Nowadays, we can observe an influence of an overall social development on the health of the human being, especially through social networks, IT technologies or media. These inform the human being about the health and healthy lifestyle in a private or a social life (Rozim, 2005; Broďáni & Žišková, 2015; Mills, 2016; Nemček & Simon, 2016; Štulajter & Štulajter, 2016). However, the influence of current trends has also a negative character and is responsible for causing a lot of physical and mental illnesses, together with cardiovascular diseases, a cancer, a diabetes mellitus, chronic respiratory diseases, a musculoskeletal system weakening and others (Bendíková & Stackeová, 2015). The current lifestyle diseases are mostly caused by the wrong lifestyle, wrong eating habits, missing of an active life, smoking, alcohol and stress (Fitton et al., 2013).

The health is a primary source and assumption for an ideal working of a human body in the intentions of their perception as a sociocultural and biomental structure (Labudová et al., 2012). Ihász & Rikk (2010) consider the health to be as vitally prominent and irreplaceable in a relationship to fulfilling of any goals. The health body functions without any damage of the health status, objective qualities and productivity restrictions to complex impulses and impacts of different inside and outside factors, show a resistance to negatively functioning subjects of a biological, chemical, social and physical nature. Many different authors are concerned with defining the term health (Seedhouse, 1995; Holčík, 2004; Labudová & Vajcziková, 2009). The following statement of the WHO is being considered as the most popular definition of the term health: The health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity (WHO, 2005). Labudová (2012) claims that a level of a quality health care and a health position is normalized by various determinants among which the most important and complex are: a) a life style (share in the health is 49 to 53 %), b) an environment (share in the health is 17 to 20 %), c) a health care (share in the health is 8 to 10 %), d) genetics (share in the health is 18 to 22 %). There is a very close connection between the terms of the lifestyle and health.

The lifestyle can be described as an individual summary of values, attitudes and skills, which can be observed in someone's activity. It includes a mixture of interpersonal relations, movement activity, diet, interests, time management, hobbies and so on (Hartl & Hartlová, 2000). However, the human beings often do not realize to what extend all of these influences the lifestyle of individuals. The health as a state of a vital satisfaction is a manifestation of a required level of the quality of life (QOL). Fyodorov & Erlikh (2016) define the quality of life as a complete satisfaction with a life and a complete feeling of an individual well-being, of a mental harmony and a life contentment. Lucas et al. (2015) also state that a synthesizing term of the life quality implies to social, economic and individual mental well-being indicators. It represents a summary of the key social life features, individuals, units of society and includes socio-political, economic, legislative, ecologicenvironmental, mental and medical-health aspects. …

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