Academic journal article International Journal of Education and Management Studies

A Study of Job Constraints for Female Employees in Banking Sector of Ludhiana City

Academic journal article International Journal of Education and Management Studies

A Study of Job Constraints for Female Employees in Banking Sector of Ludhiana City

Article excerpt

The constitution of India provides equal status to men and women. Women have become active participants in all walks of life. Women not only have become an important unit of the society but have also become the driving force towards making social change. They no more believe in superstition, ortOhodoxy and conservatism. Such changes in the attitudes of women are attributed to the rising costs of living, reduction in size of families, breaking up of joint family system, increase in the age of marriage, gainful use of spare time, career consciousness and various job opportunities for women in different fields, etc.

Most of the efforts to raise the status of women have centred on education. Many efforts have been done to do the same. But still, a large part of the female population remains uneducated. Women in the urban areas have a high literacy rate than the females in the rural areas. This still remains an area of concern for the society. Women not only want to get educated instead they want to enjoy an equal status in the society. They are becoming more career conscious and professional in their approach. Women's participation in the work field has been quite low in the Indian society. This low participation is due to the old traditions of the society. Women are, till today, not considered as the bread-winners instead they are treated as mere helpers of the men folk. They are expected to be good wives, loving mothers and obedient home-makers. Higher education and technological developments have changed the social perceptions to some extent. Due to this change, more and more women are entering into the work-field than before. The Indian society has started accepting the women workers up to some extent. Women have started choosing the modem areas of work instead of the traditional occupations. Certainly, without the active participation of women the social, economic and political growth of a nation could not have been possible. But ironically, women employees are facing a lot many problems at workplace these days. Career poses many problems and challenges for them which still need to be taken up seriously.

Review ofliterature

A brief review of literature is of immense importance with respect to any research. Following are the excerpts of relevant literature, taken from various articles in different journals, books, newspapers, websites and magazines so as to give a positive direction to this study.

Ali (2011) studied the challenges faced by women employees in career development. The study found that women employees got less promotion opportunities and training among women employees was minimal. Most women employees were not satisfied with career development programmes also women were discriminated against in career development opportunities. The study recommended that organizations should try hard to ensure that career development programmes were set to improve career development amongst women employees. Top management should also be committed to the career development of women and organizations should also introduce confirmatory action to address career development of women. Ferguson and Cheek (2011) found the situational constraints perceived among the work setting accounted for over twenty Seven Hills of Rome (27 percent) of job satisfaction variations, once dominant for demographic factors that may influencejob satisfaction. Results purpose to direction as a result of the exclusively significantly potent situational constraint on job satisfaction, providing the most effective potential for rising employee job satisfaction. Thus, these findings counsel that management interested in getting the foremost "bang for his or her buck" relative to dominant or influencing discourse structure things that may fully influencejob satisfaction maybe got to specialize in exclusively one dimension direction. Kumar and Sundar (2012) concluded that India may be a country with various traditions and customs, where females hold a venerable position. …

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