Academic journal article International Journal of Education and Management Studies

Effect of ICT Skills Development Instructional Program on Technology Integration Beliefs and Self-Regulation of Trainee Teachers

Academic journal article International Journal of Education and Management Studies

Effect of ICT Skills Development Instructional Program on Technology Integration Beliefs and Self-Regulation of Trainee Teachers

Article excerpt

In today's society, digital literacy acquires increasing importance for any professional profile. Also within the educational community, information and communication technology (ICT) skills have become crucial to the curriculum. The transition of the world into a global village poses a big challenge for teachers of today to impart such quality of education, which will help the students in moving with confidence and remain abreast with the latest and innovative technologies in the outside world. Technology has become an integral part of our society today and as pressure is exerted upon educational systems to implement new technologies, teachers' abilities to respond to change and innovation has become a key factor for success. This implementation of technology in the class rooms, as well as adapting to the various technological modes to get education is primarily defined as 'e-leaming' in very simple term.

With the Internet and computer technology available to most teachers, educational technology becomes increasingly indispensable in the field of education. In today's schools, multimedia software, content- based CD-ROMs, online resources and many other technologies provide students and teachers with many new research tools, limitless wealth of information, shared professional practices (Keane, 2002) communication tools, and new modes of learning.

Today's schools continue to be challenged by the increased visibility, roles and cost of educational technology. Considering current trends in education, a modem classroom would not be complete without computer, software, internet connection, projector and a variety of other high-tech devices (Keane, 2002). According to Hasselbring (2000), schools will be equipped with the best hardware and software in the near future, but it is unlikely that teachers and students will use them effectively, if teachers are not trained. The success of technology infusion in schools depends on training of both in-service and pre-service teachers. In this digital age, public schools require teachers who are competent with technology skills and able to effectively implement educational technology in classrooms. Therefore, it is logical to require pre-service teachers to incorporate technology into the lessons they prepare to teach (Johnson et al., 2000) as teacher education programs help them to prepare for their future classrooms. The introduction and rapid spread of Information and Communications Technologies (ICTs), such as the World Wide Web, e-mail, telephones, fibre optics and satellites is revolutionising the way in which societies interact, conduct their businesses, compete in international markets and set their economic and human development agendas.

Introducing ICT as a tool to support the education sector has initiated substantial discussions since the late 1990s. During the last few years an increasing number of international development agencies have embraced the potential of ICT to support the education sector. The Information and Communication Technology (ICT) curriculum provides a broad perspective on the nature of technology, how to use and apply variety of technologies, and the impact of ICT on individual and society. ICTs can improve the quality of education in a number of ways: by augmenting student enthusiasm and commitment, by making possible acquirement of fundamental skills and by improving teacher training. ICTs are also tools which enable and bring about transformation which, when used properly, can encourage the shift an environment which is learnercentered.

The introduction of the Wi-Fi system too has led to the growth of hi-tech education system, where accessibility and accountability of subject matter is made readily available to the students. The students can now study and comprehend the related information at their own convenient time. Integrating ICT in teaching and learning is high on the educational reform agenda. Often ICT is seen as indispensable tool to fully participate in the knowledge society. …

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