Academic journal article International Journal of Education and Management Studies

Knowledge and Attitude of Farmers about Photovoltaic Water Pumping System in Jhajjar District of Haryana State

Academic journal article International Journal of Education and Management Studies

Knowledge and Attitude of Farmers about Photovoltaic Water Pumping System in Jhajjar District of Haryana State

Article excerpt

Energy is essential for each and every living organism. It has always been the key to man's greatest goals and to his dream of better world. The history of solar energy utilization is so shrouded in antiquity that it is difficult to know the facts. The escalating price of oil since 1973 and its possible shortage has fuelled interest in the development of alternative energy sources such as solar energy. The development of solar energy applications is aimed primarily in the rural areas owing to a special feature of cost effectiveness as compared to conventional fuel. The factual position is that 85 per cent of the world power consumption goes to the rich and only 15 per cent goes to the 2.4 billion poor people. The population of India is increasing day by day. It has direct impact on ever increasing problems of food, fertilizer and energy consumption (fuel). Therefore, the need for developing renewable sources of energy has become necessary as the existing fossil fuel resources are fast depleting. Haryana State Energy Development Agency (HAREDA) has undertaken the task of popularizing the use of solar energy in the state. It is also supplying photovoltaic water pump to the farmers with subsidy, which is compensated from the funds ofRs. 2,68,000 received from Ministry of Non-Conventional Energy Sources, Govt, of India, on a 2 HPDC Monoblock pump of 1800 watt. In a solar PV water pumping system, PV modules convert sunlight directly into electricity and this energy can be used to run an electric motor pump set for pumping water. Photovoltaic-based water pumping system is eco-friendly in nature and pollution free technology can be more appropriate to the needs of the developing countries like India than solar/thermal energy conversion (STEC). Keeping all these points in mind the present study was undertaken to assess the farmers' knowledge and attitude regarding photovoltaic water pumping system.

Method

Participants

The study was conducted in purposively selected Jhajjar districts of Haryana state (India). A list of all the beneficiaries of Photovoltaic Water Pumping System, who have installed this system at their farm up to March 2003, was prepared. All the beneficiaries from Jhajjar (33) were included in the sample and an equal number of non beneficiaries adjoining to the beneficiaries' farm were also selected. In this way a total number of 66 respondents i.e. 33 beneficiaries and 33 non-beneficiaries were included in the sample for the study. The data were collected through pre-tested structured interview schedule from the respondents to assess the knowledge and attitude towards PWPS.

Findings and discussions

Profile of adopted and non adopted respondents of photovoltaicwater pumpingsystem (PWPS) of Jhajjar district

Age: The Table 1 showed that a majority 66.67 per cent of the adopted farmers belonged to middle age group (36 - 50 years) and 18.19 per cent of the adopted farmers belonged to young age group (below 36 years) whereas only 15.14 per cent of the adopted farmers were in the old age group (above 50 years) in Jhajjar district. In case of non adopted farmers, it was found that 48.48 per cent of the farmers fell in the middle age group (36 - 50 years) followed by 36.36 per cent and 15.16 per cent by young and old age group (below 36 years) and (above 50 years) respectively, in the same district.

Caste: As evident from the Table 1 a maximum 66.67 per cent of the adopted farmers belonged to artisn and agricultural caste and 33.33 per cent of the farmers belonged to prestige and dominant caste but none of farmers belonged to lower and scheduled caste in adopted group of Jhajjar district. In case of non adopted, it was found that a majority 63.63 per cent of the farmers fell in artisn and agricultural caste followed by 21.21 per cent and 15.16 per cent of prestige and dominant caste, lower and scheduled caste respectively in the same district.

* Land holding: The Table 1 showed that a majority of respondents 93. …

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