Academic journal article Indian Journal of Positive Psychology

Emotional Intelligence, Spiritual Intelligence and Subjective Well-Being of Yoga Practitioners

Academic journal article Indian Journal of Positive Psychology

Emotional Intelligence, Spiritual Intelligence and Subjective Well-Being of Yoga Practitioners

Article excerpt

Yoga is the most popular among the six fundamental Indian philosophies in the current world. It has been studied, described, analyzed and experimented for its effect on all the arenas of human mind complexities for thousands of years. Yoga citta vrithi nirodhaha says Patanjali (n.d)- the ancient exponent ofYoga in his Yoga Sutras, which means Yoga causes cessation of mind modifications. Yoga is an exercise that affects on physical, psychological and cognitive functions. It has physical and emotional role, social function, and functional roles on energy (reduced fatigue), mental health and public health . Yoga is thus considered as highly effective and valuable tool to overcome multiple physical and psychological problems (Jadhav & Havalappanvar, 2009). The research study of Barnes, Bloom, and Nahin (2008) purports the idea that yoga exercises canreduce the stress and anxiety in people.

The success in both professional and personal lives of individuals are proved to be dependent on intelligence domains and its various aspects. But unlike earlier times, rather than Intelligence quotient, emotional and spiritual quotients of intelligence are highly pronounced these days. Spiritual intelligence combines spirituality and intelligence structures within a new structure (Emmons, 2006). The concepts that has been evoked global interest of psychologists and developed are the role of emotional intelligence and spiritual intelligence in subjective well-being. Spiritual intelligence makes use of multiple ways to recognize and understand issues and tries to link the life of soul and mind to human external and working life (Vaughan, 2003). Spiritual intelligence can be enhanced in anyone irrespective of gender, race and age. The results of the study of (Sohrabi, 2008) supports the same.

According to the findings ofbelow mentioned researches, yoga and spiritual quotients have affinity to each other both theoretically and conceptually. Yoga expands the domains of awareness and mindfulness contributing to evolution in the level of consciousness. Yoga exercises affect on reinforcing some features such as strengthening accuracy and concentration- the explanatory factors in the expansion of consciousness (Khalsa, 2004). Rational intelligence and emotional intelligence give way to the ultimate intelligence, spiritual intelligence which can add meaning and more value to life. On the effect ofYoga on spiritual intelligence, it can be said that yoga increases critical existential thought so that it provides the grounds for further understanding the feelings and dominating on them by creating a mediation in itself (Swami & Kumar, 2007). By reinforcing deeper mindfulness in individuals, Yoga creates fertile grounds for transcendental consciousness. Transcendental consciousness is one other aspect of spiritual intelligence (King, 2007). In few other researches on the effects of yoga, other benefits have been acclaimed like the strengthening of faith in God belief in God and deep trust in oneself. By trust is meant here as the belief in one's own stance and natural course of happening. According to (Alidina, 2014), study cited by Aruna and Thamilselvam (2017) it takes time to essentially reap the benefits of mindfulness and a trustful stance is pivotal to stick on to the course ofmindfulness.

Yoga promotes mindfulness to live the present moment which helps to enhance non-judgmental attitude, acceptance of reality, patience, concentration and focus (Ghaseminejad, 2010). The interpersonal and intrapersonal efficacies are improved contributing to ones Emotional Intelligence Quotient, Yoga makes a person close to his/her spiritual aspect. Even among those who practice yoga, yoga can only be experienced rather than practiced by being in communion with God. The very Sanskrit word 'yoga' literally means, 'Union'- of mind, body and energy. And generally, in-depth esoteric knowledge is realized in yoga process (Moeinifar & Janfeda, 2012). …

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