Academic journal article Journal of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict

Socio-Economic Conflict: The Concept and Typology

Academic journal article Journal of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict

Socio-Economic Conflict: The Concept and Typology

Article excerpt

INTRODUCTION

In modern society there is a process of a complex combination of relations of economic, social, political and other character. The basis of social relations throughout the history of mankind is in the needs and interests of the people. In case of impossibility of full realization by individuals their needs, their interests change, conflicts arise in the collision of interests.

Social conflicts in modern conditions share the following characteristics: firstly, they cover all spheres of public life; secondly, the conflicts are due to the extreme aggravation of social contradictions and the predominance of power for their resolution, thirdly, the conflicts increase the possibility of spread of spontaneous expression of discontent. All this in complex, call for the necessity of theoretical and methodological research of issues, related to conflict, of development of practical measures for conflict management, as well as forecasting their occurrence and possible consequences.

The sphere of origin and existence of economic conflict are the social relationships, primarily associated with the production and distribution of essential goods in conditions of limited resources. In other words, the economic sphere of social life inevitably leads to conflict. For conflict study the subject of scientific knowledge are regularities of origin and development of conflicts, their structure, socio-psychological state of the subjects in the conflict. The combination of economic and conflict study elements make up the area of reality, which is explored by the economic conflict study.

The concept of economic conflict is not as widespread in the scientific community, as the definition of social conflict. Almost any human activity, including economic, is associated with the risk of conflict. Conflicts can arise as in the scale of the whole society, so within the separate organization.

Obviously, the economic activity of organizations is closely connected with the system of social relations. In case of arising of economic problems at the organizational level, serious negative consequences are generated, including social vulnerability of certain population groups, low income, unemployment, crisis of the social infrastructure.

So, in Russia socio-economic conflicts were initiated by the leadership of the country in the process of transition of national economy to a market economy. According to the observations of some researchers, the transformation of the economic system "has resulted in the changes of socio-political system and mentality of the citizens and of the whole society" (Perova and Perov. 2012). As a result of these processes, there arose conflicts for the redistribution of ownership between different social groups of the population, violations of the economic activity of some enterprises, the impoverishment of broad groups of the population.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

As a theoretical and methodological core, which allows us to reveal the nature of socio-economic conflict and its typology, in our opinion, the structural-functional approach, and subject-activity approach are quite suitable.

Structural-functional approach allows us to establish the relationship of function and structure of the object of study, to consider the socio-economic conflict as a holistic phenomenon in its relationship with the environment in the development process.

With the help of subject-activity approach, the socio-economic conflict is interpreted as a sharp clash of social subjects, relatively independent in their aspirations, goals and interests. Based on the understanding of the participant's interests, further conflict management, resolving conflicts, underlying the interaction between the participants are possible.

At the present stage of development of conflict study ideas, there is a trend of the development of this problem in the framework of related social disciplines. The theoretical basis of the study of socio-economic conflicts are works in the field of the sociology of conflict (A. …

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