Academic journal article Journal of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict

The Parliamentary Control as a Way of Counteraction against Corruption in the Russian Federation

Academic journal article Journal of Organizational Culture, Communications and Conflict

The Parliamentary Control as a Way of Counteraction against Corruption in the Russian Federation

Article excerpt

INTRODUCTION

Corruption is one of the most dangerous factors in public life that has a destructive effect not only on the state of national security in general, but also on the condition of all the parts which it consists of. The essence of the anti-state and socially dangerous effect of corruption is that it has a destructive effect on the basis of the mechanism of the government and the constitutional foundations of legal regulation of social life.

Corruption is a phenomenon that reflects the level of development of the very society and the state and the entire legal and political system. Corruption emerges, exists, changes concurrently with the state and its institutions.

V. Koop notes that corruption as an anti-social phenomenon has a destructive impact on all legal institutions, as the result of which the settled laws are replaced by the laws dictated by the individual interests of those who are able to influence the representatives of the government and ready to pay for it (Koop, 1998).

Foreign experience shows that none of the country in the world has been able to eradicate corruption in full measure, but one should make every effort to significantly reduce the corruption rate (Borgen, 2005; Ghazanfar, 2000).

According to P. A. Kabanov, "corruption control is a difficult and responsible task that requires efforts of not only public authorities but also institutions of civil society" (Kabanov, 2014).

In this connection, the study of legal forms and mechanisms for combating corruption is one of the priorities in the field of law research.

METHODS

In the process of writing the article we used general methods of scientific cognition. The specifics of the theme led to the use of formal legal and comparative legal research methods. Thus, the formal legal method was used when determining the methodological aspects of the institution of parliamentary control in the Russian Federation. The comparative legal method was used when analyzing foreign experience on the subject under study and when analyzing various rules of legislative acts of the Russian Federation.

Above everything, normative legal acts of the Russian Federation and scientific research by Russian and foreign scientists were the empirical base of the investigation.

THE MAIN BODY

The development of each country is associated with formation and use of state and public institutions, with legal regulation. In the absence of this, it is not possible to ensure sustainable development of the country as well as ensure the realization by the citizens of their rights and freedoms. Unfortunately, the stable, positive state of society often deviates from the right course, including as a result of non-compliance with the rules of law. Different problems in the activities of state institutions and economic structures emerge, the sphere of rendering services to the population "suffers", there are various disruptions in the law enforcement, which ultimately develops into the protests, social unrest, and as a result, into open actions against authority.

Mass corruption offenses and actions provoke particularly acute social contradictions. For this reason, corruption in the Russian Federation as well as in other countries becomes a real threat to society. Therefore, studying its nature, causes and proliferation is an actual task. Russia is developing and adopting various comprehensive programs to combat corruption in terms of the public anti-corruption policy.

One of the most important areas of anti-corruption is the improvement of the quality of activities of the legislative branch in Russia. The main line of combating corruption is the improvement of the supervisory powers of the Russian parliament and all representative bodies of the executive power.

Parliamentary control is one of the most effective means of combating corruption. The scientists say that the most important anti-corruption measure is "full-blooded realization" of the control functions of the parliament. …

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