Academic journal article Journal of Legal, Ethical and Regulatory Issues

Contemporary Challenges of State Security: Illegal Migration as Possible Terrorist Threat

Academic journal article Journal of Legal, Ethical and Regulatory Issues

Contemporary Challenges of State Security: Illegal Migration as Possible Terrorist Threat

Article excerpt

INTRODUCTION

Now many European countries appeared in the centre of terrorist attacks. Only for the last decade's terrorism from local threat turned into global threat of existence of human society and a civilization. He constantly changes, adapts to realities of the modern world, incorporates the last achievements of science and technology and actively operates the religious and other ideological concepts which were widely adopted in society. The terrorist organizations, possessing potent resources, today work in transnational scales, using the common information space, globalization of trade and economic, political and social connections.

The situation which developed today convincingly confirms need of combination of efforts of the states for counteraction to calls of extremist character and to immediate threats to which activity of such international extremist and terrorist organizations as "Hizb of Ut-Tahrir of alIslami" ("HTI"), "Islamic party of Turkestan" ("Islamic driving of Uzbekistan"), Islamic State, etc. belongs. The listed organizations are forbidden in the Russian Federation.

Need of counteraction to terrorism is realized not only the certain states, but also in general the world community. The problem of pirate migration as it leads to body height of social tension in society, to manifestation of xenophobia and hatred on the national and ethnic soil, to deterioration in a criminogenic situation and strengthening of corruption also belongs to the reasons affecting on criminalization of society. Elimination of dysfunctional manifestations of pirate migration is one of problems of migration policy in the countries of the world community, in particular the Russian Federation and the European states. Migration represents the composite public phenomenon, one of the most adequate indicators of social and economic welfare of society (Kargina, 2015).

Migratory processes from the second half of the twentieth century gained global character, the countries covering everything, social groups of the population, find reflection in various spheres of public life (Ryazantsev, 2007). In this connection, migration as one of the most important problems of the modern society affects in different degree practically all countries and influences their economy. The international migratory processes of the population in the conditions of expansion of world economic communications take more and more the important place in development of society (Information statistical forms of PKU "MIAC" Russian interior Ministry).

The most developed states act in this process as the centres of gravity of the migrants certainly expecting to find on the new place of residence worthy working conditions and lives in general. The modern migration policy is the indicator of stability and wellbeing of the political and ideological making life of society (Final report on the migration situation..., 2015). The main potential of migration consists in its significance for economic development of the country. In particular conditions the large role is played also by cultural, ethnic, political aspects of migration (The resolution of the European Court of Human Rights., 2015).

LITERATURE REVIEW

Now a problem of population shift and in the modern Russia is urgent. Population shift is understood as movement of people from one region (country) in another, in some cases by larger groups and on long distances (Khromov, 2008). At the same time the Russian Federation is one of the main centres of gravity of migrants practically from all countries of the world, especially it is necessary to allocate migration flows from the CIS countries.

As a result of disintegration of the Soviet Union in the former socialist republics transition to market economy which was followed by destruction of the industry and a high level of unemployment began. The huge flow of labour migrants whose larger number was the share of citizens of the CIS countries, including Ukraine fell on the territory of the Russian Federation (The resolution 68/4. …

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