Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Study of Special Endurance of Young Volleyball Players of Different Age Groups and Its Impact on the Effectiveness of the Performance of Certain Game Actions

Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Study of Special Endurance of Young Volleyball Players of Different Age Groups and Its Impact on the Effectiveness of the Performance of Certain Game Actions

Article excerpt

Introduction

Modern sport, including sports games, is characterized by high exertion during competitions and requires considerable physical training of athletes (Belyaev, 2002; Marques et al, 2009).

In 2001, the International Volleyball Federation (FIVB) introduced significant changes and additions to the rules of the game in order to increase the audience appeal of the competitions. The new rules of the game encourage athletes to expand the range of technical and tactical actions and maintain a high intensity of competitive activity throughout the game. This puts significantly higher demands on the physical preparedness of volleyball players, since insufficient level of it will negatively affect both the mastery of technical and tactical skills and the effectiveness of competitive activity (Tillman et al, 2004).

Thus, in the modern volleyball, the physical preparedness of athletes acquires a special significance in connection with the expansion of the range of their game actions (Rytsarev, 2009) and the increase in the intensity of the game, which requires athletes to exercise maximum physical effort in the situations that change rapidly on the volleyball court. The high level of achievements in modern sports not only necessitates the constant improvement of all aspects of athlete preparation in technical, tactical and physical dimensions, but also requires great moral and volitional qualities (Almeida & Soares, 2003).

The up-to-date scientific evidence indicates that the effectiveness of the training process of volleyball players can be achieved only when all types of training are taken into account (Movsesova, 2009). However, physical training is the basic one, so its composition needs to be formed taking into account the individual characteristics of the growing organism, mastering and using technical means of control in the learning-training process.

Despite considerable successes in the theory and methodology of volleyball, at the present time, not all possible reserves for training volleyball players of mass ranks have been exhausted. One of such reserves is the improvement of the technique of technical and physical training of athletes (Sozen, 2012; Cosma et al, 2014).

The most important in improving the quality of the learning-training process of young volleyball players is, in our opinion, the problem of improving their technical and physical training.

It is known that an important place in the general system of physical training, in particular, of young athletes, belongs to special endurance (Zheleznyak, 2006; Shgaepova, 2016). The development and control of special endurance of young athletes is one of the most topical problems of the theory and practice of sports. The analysis of the problem shows that science thoroughly considers the issues of special endurance, including that of young athletes. This problem is especially developed in cyclic sports (Shepilov, 2014; Shvetsov & Kudinov, 2015).

Despite the fact that the issue of development and control of special endurance plays an important role in improving the sport skills of young volleyball players, there are not enough studies related to solving this problem for young players. Therefore, it is important to study the level of development of special physical qualities, methods and means of their development and control, which play a decisive role in achieving high indicators of the competitive activity of young volleyball players.

Methods

The purpose of the research is to improve the methods of development and control of special endurance for young volleyball players of the age of 13-18.

The tasks of the research are:

1. To analyze modern systems of tests and criteria for assessing the level of special endurance of young volleyball players aged 13-18;

2. To analyze the structure of game activity;

3. To determine the age dynamics of the indices of special endurance for young volleyball players aged 13-18. …

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