Academic journal article International Journal of Communication Research

Communication in the Educational Context

Academic journal article International Journal of Communication Research

Communication in the Educational Context

Article excerpt

Communication represents the movement of a quantity of information from one element to another within the same system or from one system to another, without considering the nature and the concrete way in which this movement is carried out.

Communication is a fundamental way of psychosocial interaction. From this point of view, it is the relationship through which interlocutors can understand and influence each other through the continuous exchange of various, coded information.

Regarding the formative-educational aspect of communication, in general and especially the educatinal communication, the communication process may be looked upon as having the role to shape the conception of the world, the beliefs, the attitudes and being the main means for regulating behaviors.

By the nature of the signs used in the coding of the information and the main channel through which the message is conveyed, three types of communication are highlighted:

The verbal communication is specific to the human being. The information is encoded and transmitted by word and everything related to it, concerning the phonetic, lexical and the morpho-syntactic aspects. It can be oral (using the auditory channel) or written (using the visual channel). Through this form, extremely complex contents can be transmitted, but compared to other forms of co-operation this type of communication is encoded and transmitted through statements based on the minimal, meaningful unit - the word.

The written communication may include other forms or manifestations of interpersonal communication, such as public, referential, attitudinal communication, just as oral communication can subscribe to intrapersonal, public, subjective communication, etc. Linguistic and non-linguistic sciences were predominantly interested in researching written communication and less interested in verbal oral communication. In the contemporary scientific world, given the requirements of today's society, the emphasis is, more and more, on the research of communication, developing for this purpose more observation and interpretation techniques of the oral communication the decoding process being done more slowly.

The para-verbal communication is a form of communication, in which the channel used is the auditory one. The information is encoded and transmitted through the prosody and vocal elements (the characteristics of the voice, the peculiarities of pronunciation, the intensity of speaking, the rhythm and the flow of the speech, the pauses, the intonation, etc.) that accompany the word and speech in general.

In the educational activity, paraverbal communication is decisive The para-verbal communication is an intimate communication because it associates and overlaps with verbal communication through manifestations of particular significance, such as the characteristics of the voice (which give information about the natural genre of the transmitter, about his age, about mood, cheerfulness, sadness, etc.), the pronunciation characteristics (which give information about the degree of education, the ability to communicate and control thinking through language, the area of origin, the intensity, the rhythm, the tempo, the voice qualities, the pauses. …

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