Academic journal article World Review of Political Economy

FRAGMENTATION AND WEAKENING OF STATES: Instruments of Global Domination

Academic journal article World Review of Political Economy

FRAGMENTATION AND WEAKENING OF STATES: Instruments of Global Domination

Article excerpt

1.Introduction

The dual role of states (as institutions of fundamental social utility, on one hand, and as threats to their own populations, on the other), their subordination to the dominant social groups and the competition and belligerency between states give special relevance to the relative strength, and size, of states.

These facts, as well as the issue of the state monopoly on violence, differently interpreted, are basic elements of the main historical socio-economic general ideologies, particularly of liberalism, socialism and anarchism; over these ideological doctrines is floating, and often pervades them, a kind of primitive, naive, persistent, and contagious ideology directly related with the notion of state: independentism or fractional nationalism.

In this context, we highlight the following historical and present aspects:

(1) The determined purpose of the world oligarchies to dismember non-hegemonic states (Central America, former colonial world, Soviet Union, Yugoslavia, Middle East, etc.), as a weapon for global domination.

(2) The weakening of the state institution, usurping some of its traditional functions, particularly those related to a direct economic role, even inside the hegemonic states. These traditional functions are being privatized not only in the sphere of education and health but also in security (police, justice and army) and are often awarded to the great financial and monopolistic corporations through direct instruments as the TTIP and other free trade agreements, private arbitration, areas of special development, and so on.

(3) The imposition of a culture and ideology concealing different aspects of exploitation and domination, existing in both the dismembering and weakening of states, under the guise of democratic objectives, development investment, reconstruction aid, and so on, and of release of some traditional restrictions of states. In this ideological and cultural direction, a special jargon is spread, sometimes with an important academic support, which masks the realities and underlying purposes, and formulating slogans of rapid propagation even inside some ideological tendencies apparently in opposition to the oligarchic domination strategies; this is the case with terms such as empowerment and the right to decide.

(4) The idea that decreasing the size of the state can constitute a progress towards greater autonomy and liberation of individuals and populations is fallacious and serves to beautify the actual advances of oligarchies on world domination.

(5) The term of multipolarity exceeds its descriptive side and contributes to cover the global dominance of a few countries, hierarchically structured, presenting the subordination between poles (pyramid, network, circle, etc.) as egalitarian international relationships or as relaxed and fluctuating dependence.

On the basis of this factual and ideological approach, we emphasize some remarkable features of the historical and present offensive of big capital against states, particularly acute and related to the present and persistent crisis, and the ideological dominance and influence of the oligarchic thought even on an important part of the postmodern1 new left.

2.Resolute Purpose of the World Oligarchies to Dismember Non-hegemonic States

The aim to destroy other states is historically rooted in the conflictual processes between states and expresses itself directly through the ignominious scourge of war. This historical background takes a new conformation under the conditions of globalization and hierarchical world oligarchy, superimposing over the traditional hostilities between states and tribes an organized system of world domination by the United States oligarchy in cooperation with other secondary powers, in some cases reinforcing old enmities and, in others, creating them.

The determined purpose of the world oligarchies to dismember non-hegemonic states (Central America, former colonial world, Soviet Union, Yugoslavia, Middle East, etc. …

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