Academic journal article Researchers World

The Effectiveness of Patience Training to Improve the Quality of Life of People with Disabilities in Rural Indonesia

Academic journal article Researchers World

The Effectiveness of Patience Training to Improve the Quality of Life of People with Disabilities in Rural Indonesia

Article excerpt

INTRODUCTION:

Vulnerable groups are comprised of individuals that are marginalized orare potentially marginalized in the development of a country. Indonesia is a developing country located in the ring of fire or the basin of the Pacific Ocean where a large number of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions occur (BNPB, 2017). As a result, Indonesia is prone to disasters that decrease the quality of life of vulnerable groups. Groups of women, children, elderly, and people with disabilities encounter various problems that require psychological interventions order to increase their quality of life. Currently, the amount of psychological therapyis available to0.03 of100,000 residents. Therefore, the development of various modules and psychosocial intervention models is necessaryfor use by psychologists in order to increase the quality of life of vulnerable groupsin Indonesia.

Individuals who are not born with a physical disability need longer adaptation processes to learn to cope with their disabled condition. The individual's adaptation to his/her physical condition often raises various psychological problems (Mangungsong, 2011). According to Kapliani (2015) and (Damayanti & Rostiana, 2003), post-natal disabilities are difficult to accept, and these people often experience emotional problems and stress because of their condition. They often experience anxiety, fear, sadness, envy, shame, and anger because their limbsdo not function properly (Sarafino, 2006; Oliveira, Milliner, Saadat, &Hosnije, 2004; Kasmayati, 2013). In addition to emotional problems, post-natal disabilities are often accompanied by social adjustment problems (Widodo, 2015).

Based on the results of an interview conducted in the field on 10 March 2016 with an official of Wukirsari Village, he explained that since he had been paralyzed in an accident,one citizen had locked himself in a room, and he was not willing to socialize or work. In an interview on 11 March 2016 in Bantul, Mr. Ngatijan, who is the chief of an association of people with physical disabilities, said that in addition to accidents and congenital disabilities, some persons had disabilities that were caused by the 2006 Yogyakarta earthquake. At present,these victims of the earthquake still struggle to increase their quality of life. Based on the results of an interview, One person who was disabled by the earthquake said that people with disabilities,especially those with paraplegia, experience pain daily, and they frequently develop cubitus when they sit too long.

Individuals who are not born with a physical disability need to undergo a process of adaptation to their physical condition because they are no longer perfect. Hasnani (2012) found that the process of adaptation toa new painful condition includes feelings of isolation in addition tothe loss of personal freedom and social support,which affects their quality of life. In addition, the freedom to move, the fulfillment of desires, and the capacity to hope are limited in people with physical disabilities (Abraham, 2013). Individuals' perceptions of their quality of life as a man or a woman are affected by their cultural context and value system, including their expectations regarding theirstandard of living, hope, enjoyment, and care (WHO, 1997).

The resultsof Larasati's (2002) study showed that individuals who perceived a good quality of life were satisfied with their physical condition. Psychologically, the individual can manage and express their emotions appropriately (e.g., awareness of their short comings and advantages, ability to adapt totheir physical condition, optimism, and empathy). Sociologically,the individual has good social relationships, receives support, and derives a sense of security from the surrounding community (Larasati, 2002). People with disabilities who perceive that their quality of life is good are optimistic, manage their emotions, and increase their social skills.

(Anggraini's 2012) study of intelligence (i. …

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