Academic journal article Journal of Legal, Ethical and Regulatory Issues

Socio-Economic Risk Factors of Criminal Behavior in Teenager Environment: A Regional Aspect

Academic journal article Journal of Legal, Ethical and Regulatory Issues

Socio-Economic Risk Factors of Criminal Behavior in Teenager Environment: A Regional Aspect

Article excerpt

INTRODUCTION

Despite the fact that in general over Russia in recent years there has been a decrease in percentage of juvenile delinquency; the problem continues to be relevant. At the expanded collegium meeting of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia held in March 2017, the Minister of Internal Affairs VA. Kolokol'tsev reported: That "the most careful attention of bodies of internal affairs is paid to prevention of crimes committed both by minors and against them. Last year, over one hundred and forty thousand adolescents who were registered for various offenses, were within eyesight of police officers. The result of our work to improve the situation in this area was reduction of criminal offenses committed by minors by thirteen per cent" (Kolokol'tsev, 2016). At the same time, despite success achieved in this direction, the situation in certain regions cannot be called stable since there are deviations from permissible norm, which is probably due to insufficient preventive work and poor effectiveness of the efforts of authorities and police aimed at preventing crimes. In this regard, the objective of the research work was to identify social-economic factors that determine increase/decrease in crime in the teenager environment. In accordance with the objective, a hypothesis has been formed that regions with low social and economic development rates will demonstrate an increase in crime rates in the teenager environment. In territorial subjects of the Russian Federation in which high rates of social-economic development are recorded, the crime rate in the juvenile environment will be lower.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

To solve the objective, extensive statistical material that contains information on social-economic development of territorial subjects of the Russian Federation, is used. These are empirical rates of the number of crimes committed by minors, the level of juvenile delinquency, the level of general criminality, the quality of life of the population, the level of unemployment, information on the number of families in a socially dangerous situation, the number of minor residents in the subject's territory, etc.

When analysing data, methodological principles of economic sociology were used. According to which, general aspects of the impact of social and economic facts onto quantitative rates of juvenile delinquency were defined. Social manifestations of crime conditioned by the essence of a person, the sense and internal motives of activity in a certain economic situation, were also studied. In addition to general methodological principles of economic sociology, content, intent and discourse analysis were applied. The use of these methods is dictated by the need to study and process a large array of textual information sources with the need for their systematization and generalization. One of main methods used in the paper was a comparative-contrastive method used to interpret quantitative data and statistical rates for regions of the Russian Federation.

Guided by the stated research objective and hypothesis put forward, we will consider the specifics of the criminogenic space of Russia based on information provided on the portal of the Legal Statistics of the Prosecutor General's Office of the Russian Federation (Ceccato & Haining, 2004).

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

Regions of the Russian Federation can be grouped into five classes in terms of the level of criminal activity of minors (Figure 1and Table 1).

Thus, the first class is formed by regions with relatively low criminal activity (41.1% of all regions of Russia); the second class includes territories with low-to-average rates of criminal activity (20% of all regions of Russia); the third class consists of regions with medium-to-low rates of criminal activity (11.7% of all regions of Russia); the fourth class is formed by regions with medium-to-high criminal activity of minors (4.7% of all regions of Russia); the fifth class includes regions with high-to-average and high criminal activity of minors (4. …

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