Academic journal article Middle East Quarterly

Jihad and Islam in World War I: Studies on the Ottoman Jihad on the Centenary of Snouck Hurgronje's "Holy War Made in Germany"

Academic journal article Middle East Quarterly

Jihad and Islam in World War I: Studies on the Ottoman Jihad on the Centenary of Snouck Hurgronje's "Holy War Made in Germany"

Article excerpt

Jihad and Islam in World War I: Studies on the Ottoman Jihad on the Centenary of Snouck Hurgronje's "Holy War Made in Germany." Edited by Erik-Jan Zürcher. Leiden, Nl.: Leiden University Press, 2016. 353 pp. $59, paper.

Dutch scholar Christiaan S. Hurgronje published a book during World War I, The Holy War "Made in Germany " that blamed the German co-founder of modern Islamic studies, Carl Heinrich Becker, for World War I's German-Ottoman jihad. A century later, contributors to this multi-author volume confirm his point.

That jihad attempted to mobilize Muslims against Europe's colonies even though this represented a genocidai threat to non-Muslim minorities living in Muslim ruled areas. The kaiser and his Islamic scholars had discussed this problem since 1908 but saw no way to stop the deadly side effects against the Armenians and other minorities, such as the Jews. This was no regional jihad, like that against the Ottomans and British in Sudan in 1881, or local jihads against Russians in Iran in 1910, or Italians in Tripolitania in 1911; it was a full-bore interfaith war coalition.

Among the most important chapters is that by M. …

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