Academic journal article The Indonesian Journal of Geography

Pilot Implementation of Human-Centered Model in Disaster Management

Academic journal article The Indonesian Journal of Geography

Pilot Implementation of Human-Centered Model in Disaster Management

Article excerpt

1.Introduction

Based on the fact that Semarang city has a quite high potential of landslides occurrence in its almost area [Purba, 5214], human factors have to be considered since human is the most influenced party of the system if the disaster occurs and human also suspected as one of the causes of a disaster occurrence. As a capital of Central Java Province, Semarang city is rapidly developing in all of the fields. These developments lead to increasing numbers of building as well as expanding as marked by the development in all fields that are currently running. They must be balanced with a more specific handling of the disaster control to protect the assets and development results that have been achieved and to provide a sense of security from disasters (either before/pre- or during disaster/emergency response) and post-disaster.

Recently, studies of disaster management are mostly concerned about supply chain management of logistic systems [Hale and Moberg, 5221; Hagani and Afshar, 5229; Cozzolino, 5215; Hong et al., 5211] and technical issues of disaster from geological point of view specifically in Semarang city [Purba, 5215; Sriyono, 5215]. Some specific studies regarding human factors are conducted to improve the preparedness of special population such as children [Short et al., 5213] and elderly [Lachlan et al., 5213]. Investigation of the government roles [Molk, 5213], how to cope with disaster trauma [Kar, 5213] and risk management in disaster [Gonzales, 5226, Freeman et al., 5223] are also a highly researched topic in disaster management.

The focus of the policies and programs of the Government of Semarang City for the case of disaster is the establishment of government institutions that serve the emergency responses and post-disaster action. The community, especially residents in disaster-prone areas that require adequate guidance and education regarding the environmental conditions only regarded after the disaster occurs. It means the awareness and preparedness of the community in the disaster area are not prioritized by the government until this study started. Besides, the human is the part of the system that should be role as a center of the disaster management system to reduce the risk caused by the disaster.

Mapping of physical and mental awareness of citizens to the possibility of natural disasters aims at examining the community knowledge about the condition of the disaster-prone areas. The results of mapping will be used as recommendations and dissemination of disaster management. Community preparedness in disaster management can be mapped through questionnaire-based interviews to obtain behavior of community in landslides preventing, facing and coping using the concept of human factors.

Human factors is an interdisciplinary science that considers the interaction between human and the technology and environment. The application of a human-centered philosophy into design and operation in disaster management provide many profits regarding its vast activities and technical systems. Human factors and ergonomics can be used to prevent and decrease death and injury from similar events in the future. Since disaster management is a complex decisionmaking process that is aiming at the establishment of a model framework within specific communities, the concept of ergonomics science should be applied in every phase and action in disaster management system. It is aiming at reducing vulnerability to hazard, and organize themselves to respond to disaster and recover from them.

Some studies analyze the role of human factors and ergonomics in disaster management based on the importance of information management, e.g., Horberry et al. [2013] studied the role of human factors in mining emergency management related collection and management of the information during underground coal mining emergencies from a humancentered perspective. They also focus on decisionmaking deficiencies in incident management teams, and the final one examines organizational issues related to mining control rooms during emergencies. …

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