Academic journal article Researchers World

Professional and Technical Education Scenario of the Scheduled Tribe Population in Malda District, West Bengal

Academic journal article Researchers World

Professional and Technical Education Scenario of the Scheduled Tribe Population in Malda District, West Bengal

Article excerpt

INTRODUCTION:

Professional and technical education is an education system that is closely related to the life and livelihood of the people of every country. Therefore, to make people of the country self-reliant in economic and development, there is a need for professional and technical education. Through the education that students acquire special knowledge and skills in the work of art, they are called professional education. Technical education, which teaches of students through scientific training for the use of agriculture, industry, business, trade and machinery equipment. The main goal of this education is to help children achieve such skills, so that they can live well in future life. That is, professional and technical education helps the students to become self-sufficient in achieving a suitable livelihood. In this context, Heartshron has said that "professional education is such a necessary education which in the absence of the student has to suffer from life forever" (Ghorai 2016).

Tribal communities of Malda district are commonly referred to Adivasi, and are recognized as "Scheduled Tribes" under the constitution of India. Among the Scheduled Tribes, there are some tribes who are more backward than others social category or Non-tribal people. They have been classified as Primitive Tribes. They are characterizing of low level literacy and education, Pre-agricultural level of technology and economic backwardness, Members of a tribe speak common language, reside in a common territory, common occupation and culture.

Socio-economic development in any society depend upon the educational facilities it provides (Siddique & Nasser 2004). The constitution of India gives a few directions and suggestions for the development of education in our country. The importance of education as a part of fundamental right (Chaturvedi, 2007) has been emphasized in the Article No. 26 of the Universal Declaration of Human Right (UDHR) and Article No. 45 according to the state "free and compulsory elementary education to all children of the age of six to fourteen (6 - 14) years". According to Article No. 46 provides for "special care to the promotion of education and economic interests of the scheduled cast, scheduled tribes and the weaker sections of society" (Sindhu 2014).

With this view in mind of the present paper takes an attempt to reveal the different aspects of the professional & technical education scenario of the scheduled tribe population in Malda district since 2012-16. Tribal people of Malda district faces different problems in education. Therefore, some recommendations have also made in this paper to improve their educational status.

THE STUDY AREA:

The district of Malda is one of the twenty districts of West Bengal. It is situation between 24o 40' 20" N to 25o 32' 08 N" latitude and 87o 45' 50" E to 88o 28' 10" E longitude. English Bazaar situated at the Centre of the district is the chief town and administrative headquarters. The district has an area of 3733 Square km; the total populations of the district are 3988845 persons and population density of 1069 persons/per square km. There Scheduled tribe population in the district are 313984 persons which are 7.87% of total population of the district as per census 2011. In Malda District are 15 CD blocks. (Mandal & Bhattacharya 2018).

OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY:

The present study has been conducted with the following objectives.

1. To study the education rate of tribal population in professional & technical education level.

2. To find out the blocks with gender wise education among the tribal population and the associated problems to suggest some suitable measures for professional & technical education.

METHODS AND MATERIALS:

The present research paper focuses on professional & technical education scenario of the scheduled tribe population in Malda district since 2012-16. The study of professional & technical Education scenario of the Scheduled Tribe population in Malda district has been carried out after intensive review of the similar works or the peripheral works done by the different researchers from different regions of India (Chaturvedi, 2007), (Ghorai, 2016), (Mandal & Bhattacharya, 2017) (Mandal & Bhattacharya, 2018), (Siddiqui & Naseer, 2004) (Sindhu, 2014). …

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