Academic journal article Journal of Political Studies

International and Regional Political Competitions in Syria "Geo-Political Dimensions"

Academic journal article Journal of Political Studies

International and Regional Political Competitions in Syria "Geo-Political Dimensions"

Article excerpt

Introduction

The internationalization of the Syrian crisis has given the way to foreign interference in the internal Syrian affairs as well as the loss of the status of the power of the Authority and its territorial fragmentation in the form of political papers with the regimes of the neighboring countries and the dominant regional powers until the Russian, Iranian and Turkish role became the agent of the Syrian opposition and the government. It is not possible to return to the pre-revolutionary era. The weakness and loss of the Syrian state, as a result of the crisis of ending the Syrian role in Lebanon and the problem of eliminating Hezbollah, seems to be facing a very large crisis, which has led to a variety of chaos. As a result of the failure of the state, which showed the problem of terrorism, the problem of displacement, illegal migration, refugees and the problem of relief, the problem was then turned to the Syrian humanitarian disaster and of Arab, regional and international real problem.

Syria has become a global theater of military and political conflict between regional and international powers, even Syria has become an expropriated land by the countries of the world, while a large part of its people are still leaving it.

We would like to point out the rapid change in the course of the Syrian crisis, wondering ... How did Russian policies of President Vladimir Putin with the new Eurasian orientations of Russian thinker Alexander Yogin make Moscow a regional hegemony over the Middle East and a major contributor to the Syrian geopolitical. The Syrian regime has tried to talk to a dominant mediator in its regional conflicts. This is what was mentioned by former Syrian Foreign Minister Farouk al-Sharaa. The late Syrian President Hafez al-Assad met with former US President Bill Clinton in 2000 about an arrangement for the military peace and the truce with the Zionist entity in the region. Today, the Syrian geopolitics, which have become most of the keys, have changed hands in Moscow, Tehran, Ankara and other Arab countries with economic influence, especially after the elimination of the terrorist gangs in mid-2017. Syria 14 centuries ago "center of the world order during the Umayyad rule.

In fact, it is necessary to recognize that Syria has been subjected to a major sovereign crisis that has destroyed the "prestige of the state," leading to the dispersal of internal power centers of the Syrian parties, due to the serious levels of internationalization of the Syrian case to achieve different balances between regional and international powers.

One of the most important differences between all the countries that entered the triangle of the Syrian crisis is called the balance between the US and Russian forces, the two agents of the Syrian opposition forces on the one hand and the Syrian Arab army on the other, as well as the balance between the Iranian and Turkish forces loyal to the Sunni and Shiite communities inside Syria, Consider the roles of the rest of the neighboring countries, and what other possible roles can play from time to time, such as the European Union, Egypt and Israel, Saudi Arabia and the Gulf states, the Kurds and Hezbollah, the state organization and others. The conflict is no longer about the crisis of democracy, says Samuel Huntington, but the consequences of the use of excessive "military power" for regional hegemony and gains at the geostrategic level under the title of defending democratic freedoms. The Syrian Baath Party will not be able to return to the crisis until before 2011, when it was required internally, a little openness to the opposition, because the latter insisted on ending of the Syrian Baath Party and the departure of Bashar al-Assad out of the authority. Since the outbreak of the Syrian crisis in 2011, where fighters from 70 countries meets on its territory, who turned it to international terrorism territory, which came on the infrastructure of the country, led to massive violations of human rights from all parties of the conflict, and changed the Syrian geopolitical, because of excessive interventions for regional players, wishing to transform the international balances in their favor, at the expense of the Syrian people. …

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