Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Swimming Skill Assessment Based on Swimmers` Achievements at the XVII World Aquatics Championship in Budapest-2017

Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Swimming Skill Assessment Based on Swimmers` Achievements at the XVII World Aquatics Championship in Budapest-2017

Article excerpt

Introduction

Reliable information about various ways for actualizing prospective physical capacities in achieving better results in swimming among men and women participants is of great importance at the modern level of its development, which can be gained while training and improving their motor skills for swimming using various strokes. Especially it can be really revealed and evaluated with the swimmers' participation at the most representative level of high class swimmer competitions, such as the World Aquatics Championships, including swimming, which are now held every odd-numbered year. At the prestigious competitions like the World Aquatics Championships the best swimmers from around the world compete in motor swimming skill development presenting their native modern means, methods and approaches which are the basis of the swimming training in every country.

So objective information on similarities and differences in the swimming skill development among the participants of different sex, age and qualification will determine, develop and implement the objective assessment criteria of their physical condition for the standard evaluation function realization in various elements of the modern system of physical education and sport. The research is done according to the Scientific and research work plan of Odessa National Maritime Academy on the theme "The technology of swimming skill intensive training and improvement in different age groups" as planned in Ukraine for 2008-2016, Registration card ? 0108U001487.

Theoretical analysis and synthesis of the available publications on the physical education and sport theory and methodology, the availability of specific information on the gender difference data in swimming competitions among young people and adults are presented only occasionally (Ganchar, 2002, 2006, 2006, 2007, 2007).

Although there are some publications on the specifics of women's swimming training, both by home scientists (Korop, Kononenko, 1981; Onopriienko, 1981; Platonov, 2000, 2004; Firsov, 1976), and foreign authors (Bartkowiak, 1995; Colwin, 1994; Costill, 1992; Counsilman, 1994; Giehrl, 1996; Hannula, 2001; Maglischo, 2003; Schramm, 1987; Schubert, 1990; Walter, 1985).

At the same time the most interesting for swimming specialists are the features of the differences between the results of women and men at the prestigious competitions, such as the World Aquatics Championship finals, where swimming is an integral part, including open water marathon swimming.

The aim of the study is to reveal the swimmers' skill development level according to the results of the World Aquatics Championship final in Budapest-2017. The objectives of the study are: 1) to determine the dominant differences and similarities in the swimming physical condition by practical results at World Aquatics Championship in Budapest, 2017; 2) to implement the most significant results of the study into assessment to improve swimming physical condition in different age groups. On the basis of the theme study the target of the study is the swimming physical condition dynamics of young people and adults at long standing training levels and sport swimming skill improving.

The subject of the study is the features of similarities and differences in the swimming skill development among the participants of different sex and age at the World Aquatics Championship in Budapest in 2017.

Research methods

Theoretical analysis of literature (analyzed are 10 modern publications of the Ukrainian authors and publications of 10 leading foreign specialists in sport swimming), synthesis of documentary materials (synthesis and subsequent analysis subjected to formal protocols of the past Championships world Aquatics Championships that are hosted on websites, one of which is swimrankings.net), comparative monitoring experiment (with its help received data to compare average data in achievements of swimmers-men and women winners in 26 sports and swimming marathon distances), mathematical Statistics (its use was necessary to determine the average values in the achievements of swimmers at different distances, age, evaluation of swimming in points). …

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