Academic journal article The Chronicle of the Early American Industries Association, Inc.

Eighteenth-Century American Plane Makers

Academic journal article The Chronicle of the Early American Industries Association, Inc.

Eighteenth-Century American Plane Makers

Article excerpt

At the auction sale of the Blake estate in Fitzwilliam, New Hampshire, in 1967, I acquired the following planes with maker's marks of ancient aspect.

1.Smoothing Plane, marked "CE CHELOR" 'LIVING IN" "WRENTHAM"-three marks in all. Owner's stamp 'L.B."

2.Molding Plane, marked "CE CHELOR" "WRENTHAM."

3.Molding Plane, mar ked "I NICHOLSON" 'WRENTHAM." This Wrentham mark and that in Numbers I and 2 are identical.

[A] later acquisition was [a Skew]-blade, Rabbet Plane, marked "I NICHOLSON." The mark is the same as in Number 3, but here fresh and sharp-it is rather worn in Number 3.

It occurred to me that genealogical records might be a key to the dating of some of these planes. Accordingly, I went to the genealogy and local history room of the New York Public Library, and found the following: In the Wrentham, Massachusetts Vital Records to the year 1850, compiled by T. W Baldwin, the marriage of Ceasar (sic) Chelor and Judith Russel is recorded, April 20, 1758. Births are recorded of eight children to Cesor (sic) and Juda (sic) Chelor, Beulah, May 10, 1760; Juda, April 25, 1762; Elisabeth, December 12,1763; Asor, August 4,1765; Alpha, March 15,1767; Hepzibah, March 16,1771;Askins, May 8, 1773; David, September 20, 1775. The mention of Cesar or Ceasar Chelor, at the birth of David is his last appearance in the Wrentham records. He does not appear in the 1790 United States Census at Wrentham. …

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