Academic journal article International Journal of Child and Adolescent Health

Diabetes, Children, and Youth

Academic journal article International Journal of Child and Adolescent Health

Diabetes, Children, and Youth

Article excerpt

Introduction

It is estimated that 86 million adult Americans have prediabetes and therefore risk of developing T2DM (type 2 diabetes) with 1 in 10 are unaware of their condition. About 29 million people have actual diabetes with most T2DM. It is estimated in 2012 that about 208,000 persons under the age of 20 years have diabetes in the United States (1, 2), but there is little data available on the prevalence of diabetes in the adolescent population (3).

Trends in pediatric and adolescent diabetes

It is estimated in 2012 that about 208,000 persons under the age of 20 years have diabetes (3), but there is little data available on the prevalence of diabetes in for example the adolescent population (3).

A recent research letter in JAMA (3) examined data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) from 2005 to 2014. This survey is representative of the civilian, noninstitutionalized United States population, which both include in-person interviews and examinations in mobile centers (3). The authors used data collected from adolescents aged 12-19 years randomly selected to have blood glucose testing after fasting. In 2,606 adolescents they found that 62 had diabetes and 512 had prediabetes with the finding that among those with the disease, 20 had not even been diagnosed (3). …

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