Academic journal article Alcoholism and Psychiatry Research

Delirium in Elderly Patients

Academic journal article Alcoholism and Psychiatry Research

Delirium in Elderly Patients

Article excerpt

Title: Delirium in Elderly Patients Editors: Ahmet Turan Isik, George T. Grossberg ISBN: 978-3-319-65237-5 eBook ISBN: 978-3-319-65239-9 Publisher: Springer International Publishing Number of pages: VIII, 135

Delirium is an acute, transient, usually changeable and reversible state of disturbance of attention, cognition and degree of consciousness. It can be caused by almost any disorder, intoxication or drug use. Delirium can arise at any age but is more common in older people.

In the first part of the book, the psychopathology of the disease is described briefly followed by the part in which clinical features are explained. Authors described neuro trans mitters associated with delirium like acetylcholine, dopamine, serotonin, gamma aminobutryic acid, glutamate, and also connection of inflammatory response and delirium where cytokines have the main role. Other pathogenesis of delirium like cortisol, genetic, drug, changes in neural injury and permeability of blood brain barrier, and impairment in sleep pattern are mentioned. Due to various signs and symptoms of delirium it may not be recognized in elderly patients and might be misinterpreted as some other mental disorders such as dementia, depression or natural course of ageing. …

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