Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Influence of Blood Types Serologic Markers on Development of Concentration Function of Young 13-16 Year Old Athletes

Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Influence of Blood Types Serologic Markers on Development of Concentration Function of Young 13-16 Year Old Athletes

Article excerpt

(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)

Introduction

Elite sports experience shows that not every young athlete who has always dreamt about becoming an Olympic champion, reached high level in sports mastery due to "natural selection", despite using scientificallyproven methods of training [1, 13 et al.] Only a small number of talented youth reached high level. Psychological aspects of sports selection play a significant role, which envisages athletes gaining specific individual's psychological qualities that, along with other features of human body provide sports and health-improving effect of training and competition activity [9].

A number of researchers [4, 5, 6 et al.] note that such components of training and competition activity as psychological processes, namely thinking, memory, and concentration, remain key features for effective dealing with lengthy and intensive physical, and in some cases mental workload (the letter requires rapid and accurate evaluation of situation, ability to think and make decisions from young athletes under conditions of physical and emotional fatigue etc.)

At present, scientists from various countries have revealed associative ties between serologic markers of blood types and scope of the development of motion qualities, morpho-functional and psychological features, development and course of some illnesses etc. Thus, M. N. Fox, L. S. Webber, T. F Thurmon, G. S. Berenson [12] revealed associative ties between ABO system blood types and the development of cardio-vascular diseases; E. A. Strikalenko, L. P. Serhiynko, L. I. Serhiynko [15] and E. A. Strikalenko, L. I. Serhiynko [16] revealed associative ties with the development of motion abilities of elite athletes, which enables focusing of children and teenagers on specific types of sports activity; respectfully V. Lyshevskoiu, S. Shepoval [14] - with the development of speed qualities of men and women etc. Finally, L. P. Sergiyenko [10] established the aforementioned ties with the development of psychological features (concentration and thinking) of mainly adults (students and servicemen.) At the same time, in our previous works [11], we have noted the fact of a specific influence of orientation of educational and training process on the basic features of teenagers' psychological functions who participated in sports. Thus, we have revealed that physical workload of speed and power character resulted in the improvement of integral index of concentration function - efficiency ratio (however, due to the speed of characters viewing, not due to accuracy of performance), while increase of the aforementioned coefficient under endurance workload is achieved through increase of the index of performance accuracy, not through speed of characters viewing. Taking into account everything mentioned above, the issue of influence of blood type serologic markers on the development of concentration function of young teenage athletes specializing in kinds of sports of various training orientation is still urgent.

Materials and methods

Young athletes (male) aged 13-16 (n=10) from Brovary Higher School of Physical Culture (experimental group) took part in the research. They were divided into two groups according to the classification of kinds of sports by A. H. Dembo: group A (n=56) - speed-and-power kinds of sports (boxing, freestyle wrestling); group B (n=54) - endurance kinds of sports (skiing, cycling). The control group was divided into two subgroups: subgroup 1 - students aged 13-16 from Brovary comprehensive school #3 who did not participate in sports (n-106); subgroup 2 - freshmen - seniors aged 18-21 (n=235) from National Pedagogical Dragomanov University (n=249) and Borys Grinchenko Kyiv University (n=86) who also did not participate in sports.

Analysis of concentration function was done by proof-correction test using V. Ya. Anfimov's table. It contains randomly printed letters of Russian alphabet (total of 2000 characters) that are arranged in 40 lines, 50 characters in each. …

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