Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Factor Analysis of Indicators of Physical and Functional Preparation of Basketball Players

Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Factor Analysis of Indicators of Physical and Functional Preparation of Basketball Players

Article excerpt

Key words: basketball, TRX® functional loops, training process, objective, method

Introduction

Suspension Training (TRX®) is considering as the best option for both beginners and professional athletes because it's easy to operate and manage. For example, Nicholas Ratamess describes the body weight exercises that are highly popular and the suspension training or total body weight resistance exercise (TRX®), that is used in school- and community-based programs to track progress, develop personalized programs, provide motivation, and assess the effectiveness of a fitness program (Ratamess, 2012). In addition, working with elderly participants, many of whom with multiple chronic injuries, and required supervision to create modification that could help them maintain and improve performance without aggravating any preexisting conditions, Suspension Training was introduced into their regular training routines (Dawes, 2017; Gaedtke & Morat, 2016). Further, the research was conducted, using TRX®, among 36 health but untrained men. Scientists were focused on exercises that could improve strength, power, speed and jumping ability. However, after the study was completed, the scientists determined there was no significant improvement (Maté-Muñoz et al, 2014). In effect, very few scientists have compared the effects of balance on performance measures in training programs performed under both unstable and stable conditions (Sparkes & Behm, 2010). Thus, exploring results of wrestlers 10-12 years old suggest that TRX® functional loops can be used in the training program, as this tool increases: strength, speed-strength performance muscles in the arms and legs. However, muscle growth, as indicated, is insignificant that is valuable for wrestlers who limited weight category (Miroshnikov et al, 2011). During the research on the effectiveness of training for qualified handball players, changes were identified and aerobic physical performance of athletes for two leading microcycles with TRX® assistance to conduct four major exercises for the lower body (Humstring Runner, Side Lunge, Overhead Squats). This has led to positive dynamic (Tyshchenko, 2014). However, in the study of a particular sport, such as basketball, scientists were focused on finding out if three weeks of TRX® suspension training were enough to enhance static balance in junior basketball players. Those three weeks of TRX® training seemed to be insufficient for modifications to occur in the static balance of junior players (Iuliana et al, 2015).

It is necessary to generate explosive muscular forces very rapidly to accelerate, change directions, and then reaccelerate over relatively short distances in Team Spots (Duthie et al, 2006; Valeria & Olexander, 2015; Evhen & Valeria, 2017). Therefore, maximal velocity is likely a greater predictor of success, and the ability to change velocity over short distances in multiple directions based on game- specific stimuli is prevailing (Dawes & Lentz, 2012). Because of that, athletes must apply greater muscular forces into the ground to overcome the oppositional forces of gravity to produce velocity (Kovacs, 2012). In addition, the analysis of scientific methodic literature defied that there is a deficit of sport science and movement-specific functional resistance training data on strength and conditioning for basketball players at every level. Therefore, it requires a deep analysis of every action would be taken and influenced on basketball.

Recently, experts in various sports widely used factor analysis technique that reveals the complex dominant components (Mihnov, 2015; Morozova, 2017; Tishchenko, 2016). This causes the athletic performance, determines the nature of the relationship between the indicators. Also it allows determine the contribution of individual factors to the overall result. Relevant is the definition of the factor structure of preparedness in basketball, which is an extremely important task. …

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