Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Development of Coordination Abilities as the Foundations of Technical Preparedness of Rugby Players 16-17 Years of Age

Academic journal article Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Development of Coordination Abilities as the Foundations of Technical Preparedness of Rugby Players 16-17 Years of Age

Article excerpt

Introduction

It is known that sports games are related to sports, the motor activity of which is built on the basis of complex co-ordinated movements carried out in conditions of high intensity and confrontation (Nosko, Vlasenko, & Manievich, 2001; Platonov, 2015; Rovniy, Pasko, Dzhym, & Yefremenko, 2017).

For rugby the most characteristic are such motor qualities as strength, speed, strength endurance (Pasko, 2016; Rovniy, Pasko, & Martyrosyan, 2017). Equally important is the level of development of coordination abilities, as their level of development determines the technical capabilities of training athletes (Bykova, Druz, Pomeshchikova, Strelnikova, Strelnikov, Мelnyk, & Shyriaieva, 2017; Sadovskij, 2003).

Coordination ability is a means of harmonizing individual elements of the movement in a single system for solving a specific motor task, which manifests itself in the accuracy and timeliness of its implementation (Bykova, 2016; Sogut, 2017).

In recent years, many scientists have focused on understanding the concept of "coordination abilities" (Bolotin, & Bakayev, 2018, Bykova, 2017). It is proved that the development of coordination abilities should be an integral part of the training process (Chagas, Ozmun, & Batista, 2017; Doroshenko, 2013), as their level determines the level of technical preparedness of athletes (Deprez, Fransen, Lenoir, Philippaerts, & Vaeyens, 2015; Nicole, & Nicole, 2017).

It proved the importance of the individual coordination abilities, such as rapid response to competitive conditions, and the ability to rebuild the physical actions depending on the type of sports activity for the development of technical elements (Hirtz, Ludwig, & Ludwig, 2009; Martyrosyan, Pasko, Rovnyi, Ashanin, & Mukha, 2017). Based on the analysis of literature (Liakh, 2006, Liakh, & Vitkovskij, 2010), it can be argued that the existing concepts for improving coordination abilities in sports are not sufficiently substantiated, especially in sports games. These provisions determine the relevance of these studies, theoretical and practical importance for improving the effectiveness of training rugby players using the methodology of developing coordination abilities in combination with the improvement of technical elements of the game.

Proceeding from the foregoing, the purpose of the presented work was the development of a methodology for developing the coordination abilities of rugby players aged 16-17 on the basis of adaptive regularities in maintaining the working posture of rugby players, reproducing the specified parameters (temporal, spatial, power) movements, reaction of choice and reaction to a moving object in competitive conditions.

Materials and methods

Participants

As the basic materials of the study, the indicators of the coordination abilities of 30 rugby players that are participants of the Championship of Ukraine among 16-17-year-old athletes are used. The experimental group consisted of 15 athletes (7 forwards and 8 defenders) from "Veres" team in Rivne. The control group was also formed from 15 athletes (7 attackers and 8 defenders) of the team "Sokol" in Lviv

Procedure (organization of the study)

For the study, a special program for the training of rugby players was developed, including not only special effects for the development of special physical qualities, but also exercises for the development of coordination abilities that were carried out in conditions close to the competitive.

The construction of an experimental training program was based on the generalization of practical activity and data from scientific and methodological literature on the general patterns of adaptation of the body's systems to stresses (Platonov, 2015), the laws governing the development of coordination abilities of athletes (Bykova, 2017, Nosko, Vlasenko, & Manievich, 2001) motor skills, as well as the ability of functional systems to various changes in the extreme conditions of competitive activity. …

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