Academic journal article International Journal of Child Health and Human Development

Flash-Technology-Based Labyrinth Game with Kinect Control

Academic journal article International Journal of Child Health and Human Development

Flash-Technology-Based Labyrinth Game with Kinect Control

Article excerpt

Abstract

Stroke changes not only the patients,' but also their families' life. The improvement of the active movement of the upper limbs is of great importance after stroke, which helps regain self-sufficiency and the the recovery of fine movements. One of the key elements is the development of the active movements of the arm and fingers. The aim of the Flash-based labyrinth game of the article is to develop these motoric skills, and that the patients may become selfsufficient in their home environment, or capable of working by the end of the rehabilitation. The Labyrinth Game is focusing on the movement of arms and elbows, out of the 17 exercises of Wolf Motor Function Test's (WMFT) upper limb rehabilitation tasks. The game uses simple forms and colours, and contains understandable and useable menu for more efficient usability.

Keywords: Serious game, 3D, flash technology, Kinect sensor

Introduction

The aim was to develop and implement a labyrinth game so that patients will be able to continue their rehabilitation in their home environment to become self-sufficient, moreover get fit for work. Stroke can create occlusion of veins, or necrosis due to haemorrhage. The most common signs and symptoms are the lack of strength, hemiplegia, and the paralysis of upper limbs. There might be a disorder in movement co-ordination, which can result in vestibular disorder and inaptness of limbs. In case of damage of the dominant cerebral hemisphere, speech disorders, or in extreme conditions, even aphasia may appear. During the precession of the symptoms the patients require acute medical attendance. Rehabilitation might get started when the process stabilises and the unimpaired areas start to work again (1).

The main element of the rehabilitation program is physiotherapy, which might be carried out actively, passively, individually or within a group.

Standard rehabilitation methods

Researches claim that stroke patients taking rehab- ilitation at a home environment, with a positive atmosphere, are more likely to regain their individual life-style. Of course, rehabilitation and recovery highly depend on which part, and in what extent is the brain damaged. The aim of the rehabilitation for the patient is to re-learn the previously known skills and to recover self-dependence as much as they are capable of.

During active rehabilitation, the patient completes the tasks independently with the help of a physio- therapist; having reached a certain level, they can continue rehabilitation at home to maintain their knowledge and up the level of rehabilitation.

Recently, several methods and therapies exist and are available with the application of which a considerable improvement can be gained in post- stroke rehabilitation. With their appropriate usage, the recovery time might be shortened and the patients may return to their former life-style much earlier (2).

Support recovery with physiotherapy

One of the methods to speed up recovery is the usage of adequate physiotherapy. The slow and progressive movements should be carried out continuously, till the toughness of the limbs disappear.

Music therapy

Music, as a whole of characteristic vibrations, can achieve peculiar spiritual and physiological effects. As a therapy, the active and passive varieties of music are used. During active music therapy the patients are singing or using musical instruments for the development of partial learning skills as concentration, memory or creativity. With the application of passive music therapy (receptive therapy) different areas can be improved with chosen music (3).

Taub methodology

The new method of Taub can not only be used for patients who just got a stroke, but also for those, who got stroke months, or years ago. In case of stroke patients, limbs are not paralysed physically, but the cerebral centre of the limb has been damaged, thus the brain senses as if the person does not have a limb or that it can be controlled a bit harder, this way the brain will only control the healthy arm by rejecting the impaired one. …

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