Academic journal article Notes

Richard Strauss

Academic journal article Notes

Richard Strauss

Article excerpt

Richard Strauss. Lieder mit Klavierbegleitung, op. 10 bis op. 29. Herausgegeben von Andreas Pernpeintner. (Richard Strauss Werke: Kritische Ausgabe, Serie II: Lieder und Gesänge für eine Singstimme, Band 2.) Vienna: Verlag Dr. Richard Strauss, 2016. [Contents, p. vii-viii; pref. in Ger., Eng., p. ix-xi; introd. in Ger., Eng., p. xiii-xxiii; facsims., p. xxiv-xxix; score, p. 1-209; crit. report in Ger., Eng., p. 213-305; abbrevs. and sigla in Ger., Eng., p. 306. ISMN 979-0-001-16399-6; ISBN 978-3-79571166-5; pub. no. RSW 202. €270.]

Richard Strauss. Macbeth, op. 23, 2. und 3. Fassung (synoptische Edition). Herausgegeben von Stefan Schenk und Walter Werbeck. (Richard Strauss Werke: Kritische Ausgabe, Serie III: Symphonien und Tondichtungen, Band 4.) Vienna: Verlag Dr. Richard Strauss, 2016. [Contents, p. vii; pref. in Ger., Eng., p. ix-x; introd. in Ger., Eng., p. xixix; facsim., p. xxi; score, p. 2-184; crit. report in Ger., Eng., p. 187-211; abbrevs. and sigla in Ger., Eng., p. 212. ISMN 979-0-001-16444-3; ISBN 978-3-7957-1178-8; pub. no. RSW 304. €280.]

At long last, just before the seventieth anniversary of his death in 1949, Richard Strauss gets his critical edition. The massive and, thus far, wellexecuted Kritische Ausgabe will prove to be a milestone in the history of Strauss research. We are just at the beginning, for the first two volumes have been issued: the composer's first tone poem, Macbeth (1888-91), and the early lieder, opp. 10-29. This colossal undertaking involves a consortium of several publishers-Boosey & Hawkes, Peters, Schott, and the Richard Strauss Verlag-and is sponsored by the University of Munich, the Bavarian Academy of Sciences and Humanities, and the Richard Strauss Institute.

The project committee consists of its chair, Hartmut Schick (professor of musicology at the Ludwig-MaximiliansUniversität), Bernd Edelman (lecturer in music at the Ludwig-MaximiliansUniversität), Claudia Heine (research associate of the Richard Strauss Edition), Wolfgang Horn (professor of musicology at the University of Regensburg), Jürgen May (former assistant director of the RSI), and Giselher Schubert (a founding editor of the Hindemith Edition and former head of the Hindemith Institute). The board of advisors is made up of Ulrich Conrad (professor of musicology at the University of Würzburg), Hendrik Birus (vice president of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences and Humanities), Andreas Krause (Schott), Bernhard Pfau (Fürstner), Helmut Pfotenhauer (professor of literature at the University of Würzburg), Walter Werbeck (professor emeritus of musicology at the University of Greifswald), and Christian Wolf (former director of the Richard Strauss Institute).

Richard Strauss (1864-1949) was the most prolific German composer of his time, having composed a dozen symphonic works, fifteen operas, over two hundred songs, numerous pieces for woodwinds, concert overtures, concertos, ballet music, chamber music, and even film music. The Kritische Ausgabe organizes this oeuvre into six series:

The two current volumes are from series II, volume 2 (lieder for voice and piano, opp. 10-29), and series III, volume 3 (Macbeth, 1888-91, his first tone poem).

Strauss's major career as a composer of lieder spanned the later decades of the nineteenth century and the early decades of the twentieth, a time when the lied underwent important transformations. His more than two hundred songs reflect these changes, from the early lieder, which are firmly in the German romantic tradition, to the later orchestral Gesänge, which show the influence of opera. Nonetheless, most were composed before the turn of the century, during which period separate phases may be distinguished. The youthful songs of the 1870s and 1880s are grounded in an early-nineteenthcentury style, whether strophic or through-composed and ballad-like, and were intended mainly for family soirées.

But 1885 marked a substantial breakthrough for Strauss as a lieder composer. …

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